Islam means submission. The purpose of Islam is to conquer the world and to make Islam the religion that dominates the lives of all beings on earth. All the people must submit to Islam and live under shari’a. Those who do not submit to Islam must be killed.
International Qur’anic Studies Association scholars: Qur’an only describes violence, doesn’t command it
Kermit Zarley is a Biblical scholar who recently attended a presentation by the International Qur’anic Studies Association on the question, “The Qur’an as a Violent Text?” at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) and American Academy of Religion (AAR). Five Muslim scholars and one non-Muslim scholar spoke on the question; below are Zarley’s notes on what they said. While some excellent scholars are involved in the International Qur’anic Studies Association, if Zarley’s notes are accurate, this presentation appears to have been almost entirely apologetic.
The salient points, with my responses:
Violence in the Qur’an should not be surprising since violence is a characteristic of human nature and even creation.
Yes, but this is a patent dodge. Violence may be an unavoidable fact of life but the question at hand is whether or not the Qur’an approves of it and even commands it.
Readers of the Qur’an should not focus on certain texts that may have violence but should focus on the the entire Qur’an, most of which is not about violence.
Another dodge. Unless the Qur’an’s peaceful passages actually cancel out the violent ones, the presence of material that is not violent is simply irrelevant.
Texts about violence are descriptive, not prescriptive.
That is flatly false. The Qur’an does contain descriptions of violent acts, but it also contains passages that directly exhort believers to commit acts of violence. A sampling:
2:191-193: “And kill them wherever you come upon them, and expel them from where they expelled you; persecution is more grievous than killing. But do not fight them by the Holy Mosque until they should fight you there; then, if they fight you, kill them — such is the recompense of unbelievers, but if they give over, surely Allah is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. Fight them, till there is no persecution and the religion is Allah’s; then if they give over, there shall be no enmity save for evildoers.”
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