- The jiziya keeps flowing:Â Afghanistan signs long term strategic pact with France
Cpl Kavanagh lied about his age to join the Cheshire Regiment at 15 and was sent to the Third Anglo-Afghan War in May to August 1919.
He wrote: “The endurance and experience gained by the tribesman from years of incessant raiding make him a formidable enemy. He will sometimes hide his rifle and appear as a peaceful villager.”
One tip to young recruits was: “Avoid shaking hands with a strange Pathan. (Pashtun) Â They will seize with their left hand and stab with their right.”
Cpl Kavanagh continued serving with the British army and was evacuated from Dunkirk in 1940. He died in 1992, aged 87.