Devşirme[a] (literally “collecting” in Turkish), also known as the blood tax or tribute in blood, was chiefly the annual practice by which the Ottoman Empire sent military to abduct boys, sons of their Christian subjects (Rum millet and Armenians) in the villages of the Balkans and Anatolia. They were then converted to Islam with the primary objective of selecting and training the ablest children for the military or civil service of the Empire, notably into the Janissaries.
The practise continues to this day:
“Taha, a 13-year-old Yazidi boy who managed to escape a ISIS training camp, described how jihadis “taught us the best way to cut a head off and where we should aim on the neck”.
ISIS militants arrived in his home town of Kocho in Iraq last August. Men were shot dead while women and girls were taken as sex slaves.
Boys were taken to the ISIS stronghold of Tel Afar, northwestern Iraq, where they were trained as fighters.
Taha said children were shown videos of beheadings and made to act out decapitations on each other.”
New ISIS Video, Kills Six People for Leaving Islam
A new video purportedly released by the Islamic State shows the execution of 6 people for leaving Islam.