Erdogan: “Muslim sailors reached the American continent 314 years before Columbus, in 1178”

Mohammedan history is the history of conquest. It is also the history of  annihilation and eradication of cultures and civilisations far better than Islam itself.

“Western sources shouldn’t be believed as if they are sacred texts,” Erdogan recently said.

Western sources may be flawed, but they are far more reliable and reality based than the deranged, fantasy-based tales that are implanted in the heads of the fanatical masses of Arabia, Turkey, Iran and all those enlightened places where the adherents of the meshugga profit rule.

Erdogan says Columbus has no clothes

Erdogan is standing up against the victors’ version of history and has the courage to initiate a debate.

Erdogan has always been the person who connects history to present-day politics, writes Oruc [AFP]
Erdogan has always been the person who connects history to present-day politics, writes Oruc [AFP]

byMerve Sebnem Oruc

@mervesebnem

Merve Sebnem Oruc is a managing editor in online journalism and a commentator in Turkey.

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

Galileo Galilei upheld the theory of Copernicus that the Earth moves around the sun. The Church opposed him but he ignored. When he published ‘A dialogue on the Two Principal Systems of the World’ in 1632, the Inquisition tried him. He was forced to give up his belief in the Copernican theory, forbidden from writing and publishing, sentenced to an indefinite prison term. Still, he was lucky to escape the tragic end of Giordanno Bruno.

In ‘On the Infinite Universe and Worlds’, Bruno argued that the universe was infinite and that it contained an infinite number of worlds in 1584. He was arrested by the Inquisition and tried. He was kept imprisoned and interrogated periodically. In the end, he was declared a heretic and burned at

Galileo Galilei upheld the theory of Copernicus that the Earth moves around the sun. The Church opposed him but he ignored it. When he published “Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems” in 1632, the Inquisition tried him. He was forced to give up his belief in the Copernican theory, forbidden from writing and publishing, and sentenced to an indefinite prison term. Still, he was lucky to escape the tragic end of Giordano Bruno.

In “On the Infinite Universe and Worlds”, Bruno argued that the universe was infinite and that it contained an infinite number of worlds in 1584. He was arrested by the Inquisition and tried. He was kept imprisoned and interrogated periodically. In the end, he was declared a heretic and burned at the stake since he refused to recant.

I know that Bruno was not a great scientist and full of contradictions. He asserted the universe’s infinity with hardly any reliable evidence. But there is one favourable thing about Bruno which makes me like him the most: He resisted the authority. He figured out that the stars are distant suns not scientifically but with intuition, but also he sacrificed his life for it. He was like a science knight as he resisted the common belief imposed by the Church which was not only the political authority then but also dominated ordinary people’s lives.

Precious refusal

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s recent words at a summit of Muslim leadersfrom Latin America generated an altercation full of derision. That has made me think how hard it must have been to stand up and put an argument against the authority and how precious Bruno’s refusal was.

The summit in question gathered Latin American Muslim leaders. The context of his argument was appropriate as the attendants were Muslims from the Americas.

To be frank, I didn’t understand why Erdogan’s words drew such a rebuff at the beginning. The summit in question gathered Latin American Muslim leaders. The context of his argument was appropriate as the attendants were Muslims from the Americas. Erdogan has always been the person who connects history to present-day politics. He talks about ties between Africa and Islam when he visits Africa or the common history of the Turks and Asia when he meets his Asian counterparts.

When I took a closer look at the controversy spurred by Erdogan’s speech, I realised that his words were distorted by the headlines. He didn’t actually say that Muslims discovered America. He said: “Muslim sailors reached the American continent 314 years before Columbus, in 1178. In his memoirs, Christopher Columbus mentions the existence of a mosque atop a hill on the coast of Cuba.”

As such, Erdogan merely made a mention of Muslims’ arriving to the Americas before Columbus and he didn’t claim it as a discovery. He also referred to Columbus’ writings and didn’t make something up.

The discovery of the Americas has always been a controversial issue and Columbus’ claims in his memoirs have been questioned before. For hundreds of years, it was accepted that Columbus discovered the Americas but this theory is no longer reliable. For example, Islamic scholar Abu Raihan al-Biruni may have discovered the American continent long before Columbus, according to S Frederick Starr. Or Fuat Sezgin, a Turkish professor emeritus on Arabic-Islamic science, has stated for a long time that, it was discovered by Muslim seafarers. There are many other claims that Muslims were the first to cross the Atlantic but that’s not the issue any more as Erdogan’s words have been distorted, decontextualised and used to discredit him.

Greatest absurdity

As Winston Churchill once said, “History is written by the victors.” Nevertheless, the most nonsensical side of the discussion on Erdogan’s remarks is the critics accepting a controversial topic as fact and accusing him of attempting to rewrite history. Yet the greatest absurdity is to use mockery on social media as evidence of Erdogan’s being unscientific.

“Western sources shouldn’t be believed as if they are sacred texts,” Erdogan recently said, without taking a step back. Going further, he promised to maintain his encouraging role in this regard. In Turkey, it is known that he is good at trending topics and is a talented politician in driving the common agenda. It looks like he is now showcasing this skill in the international arena.

The West’s policymakers and opinion shapers are puppeteers in today’s world; members of the new Inquisition. Of course, their methods don’t include burning witches or chopping off heretics’ heads but they prefer to discredit their challengers in public, denouncing them as radicals, or worse. At this point, Erdogan, who dares to stand up against the history written by the victors and has the courage to initiate a debate, is a political knight who debunks modern myths, common beliefs and invites people to start thinking.

Merve Sebnem Oruc is a managing editor in online journalism and a commentator in Turkey. She is a columnist with Turkish dailies Yeni Safak and Daily Sabah and the editor of Turkey Agenda. She focuses on Turkish politics and diplomacy, Arab-Israeli relations, and Islamic society and culture.

Source: Al Jazeera

Christopher Columbus: The myth that keeps on giving
Christopher Columbus, painting by Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger (1805-1880) [Getty]

Christopher Columbus, painting by Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger (1805-1880) [Getty]

by @MariaBelen_Fdez

Belen Fernandez is the author of The Imperial Messenger: Thomas Friedman at Work, published by Verso. She is a contributing editor at Jacobin Magazine.

On October 12, 1492, a geographically misguided voyager by the name of Christopher Columbus happened upon the so-called New World.

Five centuries later, famed Uruguayan writer Eduardo Galeano would refer to the day as the one on which “America discovered capitalism” as Columbus, “financed by the kings of Spain and the bankers of Genoa, brought this novelty to the Caribbean islands”.

In his journal, Columbus enthusiastically “prophesied that ‘all Christendom will do business here'”. Galeano remarks: “In that [prediction] at least he was right”.

And a violent business it was, as meticulously demonstrated in the now-deceased Galeano’s masterpiece Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent.

Open the book to any page and you’ll find passages like this:

“The massacres of Indians that began with Columbus never stopped … The Yaqui Indians of the Mexican state of Sonora were drowned in blood so that their lands, fertile and rich in minerals, could be sold without any unpleasantness to various US capitalists.”

Indeed, the European pastime of physical and economic decimation of the territory and its peoples was deftly inherited by the United States, which has also managed to develop such subtler forms of imperial devastation as drug wars and free trade agreements.

Founding myths

That Columbus is not deserving of any form of admiration should be fairly obvious to anyone who is not sociopathic and can process simple facts.

Belen Fernandez is a sociopath. She is also quite deranged in her hatred of western culture and civilization. Feel free to read more of her trash, here.

Erdogan says Muslims discovered Americas

Turkish leader says Muslims, not Christopher Columbus, discovered continent in 1178, offering to build a mosque in Cuba.

Contacts between Latin America and Islam date back to the 12th century, Erdogan said [Reuters]Contacts between Latin America and Islam date back to the 12th century, Erdogan said [Reuters]

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said that the Americas were discovered by Muslims in the 12th century, nearly three centuries before Christopher Columbus set foot there.

“Contacts between Latin America and Islam date back to the 12th century. Muslims discovered America in 1178, not Christopher Columbus,” the president said in a televised speech during an Istanbul summit of Muslim leaders from Latin America.

“Muslim sailors arrived in America from 1178. Columbus mentioned the existence of a mosque on a hill on the Cuban coast,” Erdogan said.

The president also said that Ankara was prepared to build a mosque at the site mentioned by the Genoese explorer, the AFP news agency reported.

“I would like to talk about it to my Cuban brothers. A mosque would go perfectly on the hill today,” he said.

Most history books say that Columbus set foot on the American continent in 1492, while seeking a new maritime route to India.

Some Muslim scholars have recently suggested a prior Muslim presence in the Americas, although no pre-Columbus ruin of an Islamic structure has ever been found.

In a controversial article published in 1996, historian Youssef Mroueh refers to a diary entry from Columbus that mentions a mosque in Cuba.

However, the passage is widely understood to be a metaphorical reference to the shape of the landscape.

A dose of sanity from Tom Tancredo:

Tancredo: Dump Columbus Day for White Guilt Day?

Columbus Day is under attack again, and there’s more at stake than Italian- American pride. The campaign against Columbus Day is not anti-Italian, it is anti western civilization.

October 12 has been a federal holiday since 1931 and this year, President Obama issued the customary Presidential Proclamation on October 9. Colorado was the first state to celebrate Columbus Day in 1907. Twenty one states officially celebrate it as a state holiday as well. But none of that matters to the crusaders for “Indigenous People’s Day.”

Colorado has held a Columbus Day Parade since 1909, and legislation to eliminate or change Columbus Day was defeated in the state legislature only a year ago on a bipartisan vote. But none of that stopped the 12 Democrats on the Denver City Council from declaring last week that henceforth, October 12 will be known as “Indigenous People’s Day.” Ten other cities and the state of Vermont– all of them controlled by “progressives” — now recognize Indigenous People’s Day in place of Columbus Day.

You may well be asking, if representatives of Native American tribes insist on a new holiday to recognize “indigenous peoples,” why not do that and leave Columbus Day alone? The answer is that the campaign against Columbus Day is not really about Columbus, it is about the alleged “racism” inherent in celebrating the arrival of Europeans in North America.

“Indigenous People’s Day” is the perfect expression of political correctness applied to national holidays. To the progressives, Columbus Day must be abolished because it is implicitly racist, and America must atone for its sins by abolishing it.

But if “racism” is the underlying issue with Columbus Day, why replace it by another holiday based explicitly on racism? Celebrating “Indigenous People” means celebrating people of one particular race, American Indians, as more virtuous and therefore superior to people of another race– white Europeans.

Denver Recognizes Indigenous Peoples’ Day

Once you start down that muddy, slippery anti-Columbus road, there is no turning back. The anti-Columbus campaign makes sense only if the goal is to banish any recognition or celebration of the achievements not of Columbus the man but of Western Civilization. The progressives insist that all Americans must agree with them that arrival of Columbus and the European settlement that followed was a bad thing not a good thing.

Here is the crux of the matter. Columbus’s successful voyage of discovery in 1492 opened the New World to European exploration and settlement, and for multiculturalists, that is the Original Sin that must never be celebrated — and must never be forgiven.

That is why it is a mistake to think the battle over Columbus Day is important only to Italian Americans. The battle is important to all Americans because it is clear that this anti-Western crusade will not stop until October 12 is changed to White Guilt Day– not just in Denver or Phoenix or Chicago, but for all of America by way of congressional declaration.

To the progressives, it would not be enough to stop honoring the man Columbus and his achievements: Americans must accept our national guilt, admit the inferiority of Western Civilization , and begin the painful process of reconciliation with multicultural values. That is why they reject the suggestion of a separate Indigenous People’s Day in November. Celebrating the value and achievements of pre-Columbian Native American cultures would not be an explicit rejection of European civilization, and that is their primary objective.

It does not seem to disturb progressive politicians that changing October 12 to Indigenous People’s Day would be equally “racist” to marching in a Columbus Day Parade. Just like they do in other political arenas on other issues, when politically convenient they turn a blind eye to the historical facts, and it is a well established fact that many of the tribes of pre-Columbian North and South America practiced slavery on a wide scale.

The progressives are deeply committed to the lie and historical myth that Europeans invented slavery as a tool of colonialist (capitalist) exploitation and brought it to the peaceful, virtuous peoples of the New World. Both claims are flatly untrue.

The unvarnished, politically incorrect truth of the matter is that human slavery existed across the planet in dozens of cultures for thousands of years before Columbus and before the African slave trade brought slavery to the West Indies and America’s shores. Secondly, the indigenous peoples of the Americas practiced slavery among themselves centuries before the arrival of Columbus or Cortez. So, using slavery as the defining characteristic of racism has no basis in history or in logic.

So, the centuries-old practice of slavery has nothing to do with “racism,” but if that is your mantra, then the indigenous peoples of the Americas were as racist as the Europeans, Asians, Arabs and Africans who practiced slavery.

The indigenous tribes of North America not only practiced slavery among themselves for centuries before the arrival of Columbus, some of them readily adapted to the availability of African slaves once the African slave trade was established. There is ample historical record of the Seminoles, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Choctaw and Creek tribes owning African slaves in the pre-Civil War period. At the time of Columbus’ arrival, the Caribs practiced not only slavery but cannibalism.

The attacks on Columbus Day have little to do with the celebration of myriad Native American cultures, and if successful, the establishment of “Indigenous People’s Day” in various cities will not mean a halt to the attacks on Columbus and the “European migration.”

If the politically correct multiculturalists have their way, the only logical end game for the anti-Columbus campaign is to force Congress to terminate Columbus Day and substitute in its place White Guilt Day. Why settle for half-way measures?

Tom Tancredo is a former congressman and presidential candidate. Richard Sabell is an attorney in Denver and First Vice President of Sons of Italy Grand Lodge of Colorado.

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