Global warming is a fraud; the Mohammedan winter is here to stay

Arab spring yields to Muslim winter

/ Sydney Morning Herald 

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In France, more than 1000 cars were torched across the country on New Year’s Eve. It has become a tradition. As usual, the French media omitted to say most of the damage is done by young disaffected Muslim men and has become a form of protest which is a full blown jihad against the Republic.

In Iraq, the government has lost control of the city of Fallujah to the fundamentalist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, giving Islamists open control of a city for the first time since the US-led invasion in 2003. On Christmas Day, car bombs exploded outside three churches, killing 26 people and maiming 38, part of a campaign to remove Iraq’s rapidly decreasing Chaldean Christian population.

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In Lebanon, a car bomb exploded in Beirut on Friday, killing or wounding dozens. The blast occurred outside offices of Hezbollah, the Islamic party embroiled in the civil war in Syria and committed to war with Israel.

In Syria, the anti-government uprising remains dominated by Sunni fundamentalists. Opposing them are Shiite fundamentalists deployed by Hezbollah. The civil war has deepened into a Sunni-Shiite schism. More than 100 Australian Muslims have gone to fight on both sides.

In Afghanistan, Islamic repression is increasing while the central government remains corrupt and isolated. It has drawn up a draft penal code in which article 21 calls for lashing or stoning to death for adultery and article 23 specifies the stoning should be in public.

In Egypt, violence continues as the military tightens its suppression of the Muslim Brotherhood. Fire-bombings of Coptic churches by Muslim extremists remain ongoing.

In Libya, a power vacuum exists in the capital and armed militias have divided control of the country.

In the Central African Republic, almost a million people have been displaced since the government was overthrown by Muslim rebels engaged in systemic violence against the Christian majority. Civil war has broken out.

In Somalia, the Muslim fundamentalist al-Shabab movement bombed a hotel in the capital last week.

In Iran, the government continues to move towards acquiring nuclear capacity and uses Hezbollah as a proxy for violence. Hezbollah is believed to have smuggled advanced guided-missile systems from Syria into Lebanon for use against Israel.

Collectively, these events – all recent – tell us something we don’t want to hear.

”We have entered a new era of chaos, the Arab Spring has given way to the Muslim winter,” Israel’s Economy Minister Naftali Bennett said during a recent visit to Sydney. ”The Arab world has never been more unstable. The Muslim winter is here to stay.”

The facts support him. Israel is surrounded by repression, dysfunction, stagnation, mediaevalism and open war among Muslim populations. Among Israel’s strategic responses, it built the world’s most high-tech economy, per capita, becoming a world leader in water technology, medical technology, IT, cyber security and agriculture. The Jewish population of Israel has the highest birth rate in the developed world. The demographic time-bomb, the once predicted engulfing Arab population, has been defused. Another response: Jerusalem has been ringed by Jewish suburbs that represent a fait accompli.

Bennett, who is also leader of the nationalist party The Jewish Home, was in the country to brief the federal government on Iran’s nuclear program as Australia is chair of the UN Security Council committee overseeing sanctions against Iran’s undeclared program to develop nuclear weapons.

Putting to one side his ardent Zionism, there are simply no politicians in Australia with a resume like his: former commando in the Israel Defence Forces; still a major in the reserves; a law degree from Hebrew University; self-made multi-millionaire after founding two cyber security companies; the former chief of staff to Benjamin Netanyahu; the founder of The Jewish Home party that won 12 seats at the last election. He is aged just 41.

Bennett is deeply cynical about the two-state solution pushed by the US since the 1993 Oslo Accords: ”Never in the annals of Israel have so many people expended so much energy on something so futile.”

His cynicism is not an isolated position. Martin Sherman, executive director of the Israel Institute for Strategic Studies, wrote in The Jerusalem Post on Wednesday: ”Prime Minister Netanyahu achieved political prominence largely because of his fierce, and well-argued, opposition to Yitzhak Rabin’s adoption of the Oslo Accords. Yet, inexplicably . . . we see . . . the surreal spectacle of the relentless advance of a grotesque two-state juggernaut of failed formulae and disproven dogma, undeterred by the death and destruction left strewn in its wake, edging ever-closer towards its inevitable destination of catastrophe and chaos.”

Sherman sees instability spreading: ”Not only is [Jordan] facing rising challenges from ascendant Islamist elements and losing support from traditional Bedouin loyalists, the country is being inundated by refugees fleeing the violence in Syria . . . This, coupled with turmoil and disintegration of law and order in Iraq, means Israel could soon be facing the daunting prospect of a vast radicalised Islamist expanse stretching from Iran westward, pressing on its eastern frontier. Whether that frontier is the Jordan Valley or the indefensible ‘Auschwitz’ pre-1967 lines is a matter of life and death for Israel and Israelis.”

Last Wednesday, the Palestinian ambassador to the Czech Republic was killed when a bomb blew up in a safe he was opening in the embassy. Czech police confirmed a cache of illegal heavy firearms was also found at the embassy. Last month, a military court in Gaza, controlled by Hamas, sentenced a man to hang for collaborating with Israeli authorities. It was the third such death sentence in the past year.

What does all this mean? The peace process is a facade.

Twitter: Paul_Sheehan_

Read more: http://www.smh.com.au/comment/arab-spring-yields-to-muslim-winter-20140105-30bqz.html#ixzz2pggOB3kc

3 thoughts on “Global warming is a fraud; the Mohammedan winter is here to stay”

  1. Why does everyone keep harping on about the 1000 cars burnt in France? Just because the interior minister says so. 1. It’s probably more than that as only incidents were recorded, 2. It usually takes place in their neighborhood, I’m sure that there are pretty p@&d neighbors now. 3. Car burning doesn’t just take place on particular day, it does happen throughout the year. It is something linked to gang disputes.

  2. UNDERSTAND THIS DOCUMENT & YOU WILL UNDERSTAND THE MIDDLE EAST!

    THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS YOU WILL EVER READ IN YOUR LIFE:

    THE JUDAS OF ISLAM

    There’s always a Jew around to screw up the works!
    In the Gospels it’s Judas of Iscariot and later the Pharisee Saul of Tarsus preaches a False Christ and a False gospel. In Islam we find the “Judas” is the man known to us as Abu Bakr, the first Caliph, but who was in fact:

    [ABU BAKR WAS A JEWISH RABBI]

    Rabbi Shallum, son of the then Resh Gelutha, in Babel, perceiving this dreadful predicament, went to Mahomed, and offering him his submission, friendship, and services, endeavoured to enter with him into a friendly compact. Mahomed accepted his proposition with pleasure, conceived a great affection for him, and took his daughter, a handsome young girl, for wife; he made him also a general in his army, and gave him the name of Abu Bachr al Chaliva al Zadik, literally:

    The father of the maiden, the descendant of the righteous; this means, that of all his wives, who were either widows or divorced women, this one was the only one who had never been married before, and then she was the granddaughter of the celebrated chief of the captivity; therefore, the descendant of the righteous. This occurrence induced Mahomed to give up his terrible intention to destroy the Jews in his country, and thus did Rabbi Shallum save his people.

    THE BETRAYAL

    [Why Muhammad hated alcohol]

    Abu Bachr and Aliman now resolved among themselves to remove the dangerous enemy of the Jews, Bucheran. One evening Mahomed, Bucheran, Aliman, and Abu Bachr, were drinking together; the latter two soon saw that Mahomed and the astrologer were strongly intoxicated, and lay stretched out in a deep and profound sleep. Abu Bachr thereupon drew the sword of Mahomed from its scabbard, cut off therewith Bucharan’s head, and put the bloody sword back into its receptacle, and both then lay themselves down quietly near Mahomed to sleep. When Mahomed awoke and saw his friend lying decapitated near him, he cried out in a fury: “This terrible deed has been done by one of us three in our drunkenness!” Abu Bachr thereupon said quite unconcernedly: “Let each one draw his sword, and he whose weapon is stained with blood, must needs be the murderer!” They all drew their swords, and that of Mahomed was completely dyed with fresh blood, which proved thus clearly to his satisfaction that he had murdered his friend. He was greatly grieved at this discovery; cursed and condemned the wine which was the cause of this murder, and swore that he never would drink any more, and that also no one should do so who wishes to enter heaven. This is the cause why wine is prohibited to the Mahomedans.

    At a later period, Mahomed learned the whole transaction, and that his father-in-law was the perpetrator of the bloody deed; wherefore, he lost his favour, and he would not permit him to come before him. Abu Bachr went thereupon and conquered sixty places, which had not yet submitted to Mahomed, and presented them to him, through which means he became again reconciled to him, was received in favour, and remained thereafter at court.

    HISTORY OF PALESTINE
    614-1096 C.E.
    From the Accession of the Mahomedans to that of the Europeans.

    By Rabbi Joseph Schwarz, 1850

    From the Accession of the Mahomedans to that of the Europeans.

    In the year 4374* (614) there lived in Medina, in Arabia, Mahomed ibn Abdallah, descended from Keder, son of Ishmael (Genesis. 25:13), who had taken possession of Arabia and the neighbouring countries. Mahomed had two secret counsellors, who assisted him in the construction of his new system of doctrines and belief; these were Allman Mam Ali, of Jewish descent, and Turchman, a Christian; hence it resulted that the Koran contains many rules bearing analogy to Jewish ideas, for they were derived from Mam Ali.

    * It is not easy to give the precise year of the Chadjra (the flight of Mahomed), since all authorities are not agreed in this respect. In general, the year of the text is assumed. In a Hebrew work, out of which I have drawn largely, the year 4384 (621) is given. The Mahomedans reckon this year 5605 (1845) as the 1261st of the Chadjra. If we now calculate their years in general at 355 days, as they have no leap year, we shall have only about 1226 solar years, which would give us the year 4379 (619 of the Christian Era) as the year of the Chadjra.

    Mahomed had an astrologer at his court called Bucheran, who was a very great enemy of the Jews, and urged the prophet constantly to persecute and exterminate them entirely, so that Mahomed at length listened to the proposition, since he had without this already a hatred towards them, because they had not aided him in his campaigns according to his expectation; wherefore the whole Jewish population under his rule, ran great danger of being entirely cut off.

    [Abu Bakr was a Jewish Rabbi]

    Rabbi Shallum, son of the then Resh Gelutha, in Babel, perceiving this dreadful predicament, went to Mahomed, and offering him his submission, friendship, and services, endeavoured to enter with him into a friendly compact. Mahomed accepted his proposition with pleasure, conceived a great affection for him, and took his daughter, a handsome young girl, for wife; he made him also a general in his army, and gave him the name of Abu Bachr al Chaliva al Zadik, literally: The father of the maiden, the descendant of the righteous; this means, that of all his wives, who were either widows or divorced women, this one was the only one who had never been married before, and then she was the granddaughter of the celebrated chief of the captivity; therefore, the descendant of the righteous. This occurrence induced Mahomed to give up his terrible intention to destroy the Jews in his country, and thus did Rabbi Shallum save his people.

    [Why Muhammad hated alcohol]

    Abu Bachr and Aliman now resolved among themselves to remove the dangerous enemy of the Jews, Bucheran. One evening Mahomed, Bucheran, Aliman, and Abu Bachr, were drinking together; the latter two soon saw that Mahomed and the astrologer were strongly intoxicated, and lay stretched out in a deep and profound sleep. Abu Bachr thereupon drew the sword of Mahomed from its scabbard, cut off therewith Bucharan’s head, and put the bloody sword back into its receptacle, and both then lay themselves down quietly near Mahomed to sleep. When Mahomed awoke and saw his friend lying decapitated near him, he cried out in a fury: “This terrible deed has been done by one of us three in our drunkenness!” Abu Bachr thereupon said quite unconcernedly: “Let each one draw his sword, and he whose weapon is stained with blood, must needs be the murderer!” They all drew their swords, and that of Mahomed was completely dyed with fresh blood, which proved thus clearly to his satisfaction that he had murdered his friend. He was greatly grieved at this discovery; cursed and condemned the wine which was the cause of this murder, and swore that he never would drink any more, and that also no one should do so who wishes to enter heaven. This is the cause why wine is prohibited to the Mahomedans.

    At a later period, Mahomed learned the whole transaction, and that his father-in-law was the perpetrator of the bloody deed; wherefore, he lost his favour, and he would not permit him to come before him. Abu Bachr went thereupon and conquered sixty places, which had not yet submitted to Mahomed, and presented them to him, through which means he became again reconciled to him, was received in favour, and remained thereafter at court.

    Mahomed urged his conquests to the north and west; made war against Heraclius and his son Constantine, captured the country around Antiochia, Armenia, a part of Asia Minor (Anatolia), and Palestine. Jerusalem, however, continued in possession of the Greeks. Mahomed reigned 11 years, and died in 4385 (625); he was succeeded by his father-in-law, Abu Bachr, but he survived him but two years, when he also died.

    In 4387 (627), another father-in-law, Omar ibn Kataf, ascended the throne. In the tenth year of his reign (4397) he appeared before Jerusalem with a large army. He besieged it, and after producing great distress thereby in the city, it surrendered to his arms. He then made a treaty with the Greek inhabitants of the city, that they should pay him a ransom for their lives, and send an annual tribute. He commanded to rebuild the temple, and appropriated several pieces of ground, the proceeds of which were destined to defray the expenses and keep it in repair, which is continued to be done to this day. He built, accordingly, the great Mosque al Sachara [Dome of the Rock], of which I have spoken above. He also conquered the whole country around Damascus and Ispahan, which is a part of Persia.

    Egypt was taken by his general Omar ibn Aleaz, as also the city of Alexandria, where he burnt the celebrated library, through which learned posterity suffered an irreparable loss. This conquest of Egypt put an end to the government of the Mameluks, and it came under the rule of the Califs, and so it remained till the country was conquered by the Tartars in 4502 (742). In 4400 (640), Omar built the present al Mazr and called it Al Kairo, which means, “care, pains, sorrow;” since this building cost him much trouble, care, and labour. In the town of Pastat, the ancient Zoar (for which see the Appendix), he prohibited and prevented a terrible ancient custom, which was prevalent among the Greeks of that place. They used, on the day when the Nile begins to rise, to take a handsome young woman, to dress her in the most costly and brilliant attire, to lead her to the river under accompaniment of music and dancing, and then to throw her into the water; since, according to their opinion, the Nile would, in reward for this beautiful sacrifice, rise higher and higher, and scatter its rich blessings over the land. Omar reigned 15 years.

    In the year 4402 (642), Osman (or Othman) ibn Afan assumed the government. He was a son-in-law of Mahomed. In the year 4406 (646), he took the island of Rhodes, and in 4413 (603) the island of Cyprus, from the Greeks.

    In 4413 (653), the Calif Ali ibn Abu Talbih, also a son-in-law of Mahomed, who had slain his predecessor Osman, succeeded to the throne. The Persians, and many other Mahomedans, regard this Ali also as a prophet, equal to Mahomed. Even at the present day there are two sects of Mahomedans; one is composed of those who only believe in and acknowledge Mahomed as a prophet [Sunni], and the other of those who ascribe the same honour to Ali [Shia]. These two sects always are inimical towards, and persecute each other. In Syria and on the Lebanon there are likewise several Mahomedans who belong to the sect of Ali.–Under him the Mahomedans conquered the whole of Anatolia, and penetrated as far as Africa and Spain. He was succeeded, in 4419 (659), by his son, Calif Chazan ibn Ali.

    Calif Maevia ibn Sefian began his reign in 4434 (674). Under him there were constant wars and contests among the great men of the state, concerning the califate, and it was always doubtful whether he should be able to maintain himself on the throne or not.

    In 4435, Calif Abd al Maleki assumed the government. He made a treaty with the Greek Emperor of Constantinople, Justinian II. He built the city of Ramla, and several other towns in that neighbourhood. The district of Abu Gosh (see above, Kirjath-Jearim), is to this day called Belad Beni Amaleki, perhaps in allusion to this Calif. In his time, in 4459 (699), there ruled in Iraq and Babel yet another Calif, Chadjadj ibn Jusif. Abd al Maleki was succeeded in 4467 (707) by his son, Calif Walid I., ibn Abd al Maleki.

    In 4502 (742), the country was invaded by innumerable hordes of Tartars, from the vicinity of the Caspian Sea. They were called Turkemans ; hence the name of Turks. These conquered the whole of Syria, Cappadocia, and Palestine, and caused everywhere terrible devastations. The Arab Califs made war against them, and drove them out of the country; they, however, came back a third time, as I shall relate hereafter, till at length the Arabs and Turks became united, by the latter assuming the Koran and the Mahomedan religion, and formed, as at this day, but one nation, only that the former are called Arabs or Ishmaelites, and constitute the greater portion of the inhabitants of Palestine; whilst of the others, called Turks, but few are in our country, whereas in Turkey, in Europe, the population is mostly composed of them.

    In 4523 (763), there reigned the Calif Al Mansur, who built Bagdad, the modern Babylon.

    In 4546 (786), the Calif Harun al Rashid (i.e. the just) became ruler, and reigned till 4569 (809). He completed the building of the city of Baghdad, commenced by Al Mansur. In 4557 (797) there arose a terrible war between the Saracens and the Arabic tribes in Palestine, through which means Gaza, Ashkelon, Sarifea צריפין and Beth-Gubrin were entirely destroyed.

    In 4572 (812), the Mahomedans attacked and slew the ecclesiastical chiefs of the Christians in Jerusalem.

    In the year 4573 (813), ruled Calif Almamans ibn Harun, until the year 4603 (843).

    In 4628 (868), there reigned Sultan Ibn Achmad ibn Tulun over Egypt. In that year the Tartaric hordes made another irruption, and conquered Palestine and Egypt. Sultan Ibn Achmad had constant wars with them: he reigned till 4644 (884).

    In 4729 (969), there reigned the Calif Ma’ez, of the Fatimite family. This name was borne by the Califs of Kairuan, a country to the west of Egypt, in the neighbourhood where Carthage formerly stood (see Appendix). He conquered Egypt, Palestine, and Syria, and had his seat in Cairo (Al Mazr).

    Calif Al Chakim, the third of the Fatimite family, became sovereign in the year 4756 (996). He was a great enemy to the Christians, and persecuted them everywhere.

    In the year 4776 (1016), he advanced with a large army against Jerusalem, and drove away the Tartars, who yet occupied the same. He also destroyed totally the church which Constantine had built over the so­called place of Jesus’s sepulchre. His reign extended till 4781 (1021).

    The pilgrims who came from the west (Europe) to Palestine, and beheld these persecutions, painted them in strong and glaring colours on their return to their native countries, and moreover calumniated the Jews, as though these had contributed much to produce the enmity and persecution of the Christians on the part of Al Chakim. These and still other falsehoods and calumnies increased the hatred and the persecution towards the Jews in European countries; and when at a later period the pious crusaders from the west went eastward, to snatch the Holy Land from the power of the Mahomedans, they found ample opportunity to execute a pious and holy vengeance on these poor Israelites, as I shall relate somewhat more circumstantially hereafter.

    In 4781 (1021), his son Calif Dahir ibn Chakim became sovereign. He was a friend to the Christians, and permitted them to rebuild their destroyed church.

    In 4800 (1040), the Tartaric hordes made a third irruption under their leader Seldjuk, who was of the tribe Hildokiao. This chief was uncommonly successful in his conquests: he made war against the Egyptian Calif, and conquered Syria, and Jerusalem with its environs. He bitterly persecuted the Christians in the Holy City, and they had to endure terrible exactions, and were compelled to submit entirely to his arbitrary will.

    In 4859 (1099), the Arabs under the Egyptian Calif again acquired Jerusalem and the surrounding country, and drove the Tartars away from there, and thought themselves secure in possession of the city, when suddenly a new enemy came over them, with whom they had to wage a long and bloody strife. This enemy was the Europeans of the West, who in that very year entered the land of Palestine and conquered it.
    A Short Review Of This Period.

    There exist but few documents concerning the situation of the Jewish literati and literature in Palestine of this period. But at the time of Mahomed, the most distinguished and learned person amongst the Jews, Rabbi Yizchak Ha-Gaon, resided in Babylon. The title of Nahssi had at that time been given up for that of Gaon.

    In 4521 (761), there arose a serious contest in Babylon between the Resh Gelutha, and the celebrated Rab Acha, of Shabecheh, the author of the She’elthoth שאלתות through which cause the latter was not chosen as Gaön, wherefore he quitted Babylon and repaired to Palestine, where he ended his days.

    In 4543 (733), there lived in Beth-Zur, a town not far from Hebron, a man by the name of ‘Anan ענן a scholar of the then Gaon, Rabbi Yehudai, of Babylon. He had observed in his scholar that he had neither affection for, nor faith in our tradition as an exposition of the written law; wherefore he (‘Anan) could not be chosen either as Resh Gelutha or Gaon. He returned, therefore, to his native country, Palestine, and formed a new sect, the leader of which he became, by openly preaching against our system of tradition. The sect of the Sadducees, who only adopted the written law and rejected the tradition, had gradually fallen entirely into decay after the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem, and had become nearly dissolved. But the appearance of ‘Anan gave them new life, and they soon increased and spread extensively in Palestine, Egypt, and North Africa. In Palestine, they had yet another learned chief, Sheich Abu al Ferag, who wrote a work, bearing his own name, concerning the principles of his sect, and which contains much that is absurd and blasphemous. He is the same Abu al Ferag who is frequently mentioned in the Opinions of Maimonides תשובות הרמב״ם. Anan had a wife who was called Al Me’alma, i. e. the learned, the instructress, who was acknowledged chief of his sect after the death of her husband, and was consulted in all cases of doubt; and as everything was decided according to her opinion and practice, it came to be customary to ask among the sect, “How did Al Me’alma on that occasion? or what was her practice in that case?” and every one looked up to her for guidance. When, at a later period, Rabbi Joseph Ben Ali became Nahssi in Africa, he used every effort to suppress this sect in all directions,–so that it was nearly dissolved, and but few vestiges are found thereof at the present time; since all that is left are the few Caraites קראים who only acknowledge the written law, are partly descended from the ancient Sadducees, and are found in several places in Asia and Egypt. We find mentioned in Abn Ezra’s Commentary on the Pentateuch, several ridiculous expositions of many passages of Holy Writ ascribed to a certain Anan; it would, therefore, appear that he also had composed a commentary on the books of Moses.

    In general the situation of the Jews, under the rule of the Mahomedans, was quite favourable, and considerably better than under the Greeks, since the former are naturally more favourably inclined to Judaism;–so that scarcely any persecution took place in this whole period. Only when the Calif Omar ibn Kataf banished, in the year 4398 (638), the Christians from Tiberias, the same fate was soon meted out to the Jews, and they also had to quit this place.

    JEWS FLED TO ARABIA

    Long before the Arab conquest, as a British Member of Parliament pointed out in 1939,
    a thousand years before the Prophet Mohammed was born, the Jew, already exiled, sitting by the waters of Babylon, was singing: “If I forget thee O Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its cunning.”1

    The Reverend Parkes says that the theme that “gives to Jewish history characteristics which begin by being unusual and end by being unique” is that “the religion which was developing into a universalistic ethical monotheism never lost its root in The Land.”2
    … Jewry has nowhere established another independent national centre; and, as is natural, the Land of Israel is intertwined far more intimately into the religious and historic memories of the people; for their connection with the country has been of much longer duration — in fact it has been continuous from the 2nd millenium B.C.E. up to modem times…. The Land therefore has provided an emotional centre which has endured through the whole of their period of “exile”, and has led to constant returns or attempted returns, culminating in our own day in the Zionist Movement.”3

    Israel had already become a nation about 1220 B.C.-nearly two thousand years before the first Arab invasion began.4 The Jews’ persistent presence on the land survived periodic attempts to extinguish them throughout their history. Around the first century,
    Many Diaspora Jews observed the commandments of pilgrimage, and on the High Holidays in Jerusalem one might have met Jews from such different lands as Parthia, Media, Elam, Mesopotamia, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia Minor, I’hrygia, Pamphylia, Cyrene, Crete, Rome and Arabia.5

    By the time of the Roman conquest of Judea the Jews were considered “turbulent and troublesome people to deal with,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica,6 when they stubbornly refused to surrender their country to Roman rule.
    The Emperor Hadrian, “determined to stamp out this aggressive Jewish nationalism,” ruled that henceforth Jewish traditions such as circumcision, the Sabbath, reading of the law-in fact, the beliefs of Judaism itself-were illegal and “forbidden.”7 Hadrian was “determined to convert the still half-ruined Jerusalem into a Roman colony.” After the Jews’ Temple was destroyed in A.D. 70, the revolt of Jewish leader Bar Kochba-who had “200,000 men at his command” — recaptured Jerusalem and many “strongholds and villages throughout the country.” The “full-scale country-wide war … raged with fierce bitterness for four years, the Romans having to bring in legion after legion of reinforcements to suppress the insurgents.”8
    Although the Romans ultimately regained political reign, “sacked the city [of Jerusalem] … and expelled the bulk of the Jewish survivors from the country”9 the cost of victory was shattering — “It is said that as many as 580,000 men were slain!” — Romans as well as Jews. It was after the debacle that Hadrian changed the name of the city of Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina, ordered the building of a temple of Jupiter on the Jewish Temple site and “forbade any Jew, on pain of death, to appear within sight of the city.”10
    But in the same way that the name Judea did not disappear, neither did the Jews abandon their land. A number had obstinately remained, and many others quickly returned to rebuild their world. Some Jews, however, fled the Roman conquest for other points — including Arabia, where they formed some new settlements and in many instances joined Jewish Arabian communities established at the time of release from the captivity in Babylon or existing even before then. Thus evolved the flight of the first “Palestinian” refugees-the Judeans, or Jews.
    THE HAVEN IN ARABIA
    A look at the haven where these “Palestinian” or “Judean” Jewish refugees from the Romans found sanctuary is important to understanding the “heart of the matter” in the Middle East today — the conflict between Arab and Jew. The circumstances of the Arabian Jewish communities in the Arabian Peninsula — both before and after the Arab Conquest-bear importantly upon Arab-Jewish relationships until this day, because the pattern that developed in Arabia established a tradition that has been followed ever since.
    According to Arabist scholar Alfred Guillaume, Jews probably first settled in Arabia in connection with the fall of Samaria in 721 B.C.:
    …it is almost certain that the self-contained Jewish military colony in Aswan and upper Egypt, about which the world knew nothing until a few years ago, was founded just after the fall of Samaria, and consequently it is not impossible that some Jewish settlements in Arabia were due to fugitives fleeing from the old northern capital of the Hebrews.
    Guillaurne is certain that “in the first and second centuries A.D., Arabia offered a near asylum” to the Jews who had been victimized by the “utterly ruthless” Romans.11
    In the Arabian land considered by many to be “purely Arab,” the land which would spawn Islam many centuries later,
    Numbers of Jewish and Christian settlements were established in different parts of Arabia, both spreading Aramaic and Hellenistic culture. The chief southern Arabian Christian centre was in Najran, where a relatively advanced political life was developed. Jews and Judaised Arabs were everywhere, especially in Yathrib, later renamed Medina. They were mainly agriculturists and artisans. Their origin is uncertain and many different theories have been advanced.12

    Although the fact is little recognized, more than one historian has affirmed at the Arab world’s second holiest city, Medina, was one of the allegedly “purely Arab” cities that actually was first settled by Jewish tribes.” Bernard Lewis writes:

    The city of Medina, some 280 miles north of Mecca, had originally been settled by Jewish tribes from the north, especially the Banu Nadir and Banu Quraiza. The comparative richness of the town attracted an infiltration of pagan Arabs who came at first as clients of the Jews and ultimately sucqeeded in dominating them. Medina, or, as it was known before Islam, Yathrib, had no form of stable government at all. The town was tom by the feuds of the rival Arab tribes of Aus and Khazraj, with the Jews maintaining an uneasy balance of power. The latter, engaged mainly in agriculture and handicrafts, were economically and culturally superior to the Arabs, and were consequently disliked…. as soon as the Arabs had attained unity through the agency of Muhammad they attacked and ultimately eliminated the Jews.13
    1. Parkes, Whose Land?, p. 26.
    2. Ibid., p. 10.
    3. J.B. Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1955), p. 378. 20.M. Stem, “The Political and Social History of Judea Under Roman Rule,” in A History of the Jewish People, H.H. Ben-Sasson, ed. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976), p. 266.
    4. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th ed. (1911), vol. XX, p. 622.
    5. Ibid., pp. 621-622,
    6. Yigael Yadin, Masada (New York: Random House, 1966), p. 11.
    7. Ibid.
    8. Encyclapaedia Britannica, vol. XX, p. 622.
    9. Alfred Guillaume, Islam (Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1954), pp. 10-11.
    10. Bernard Lewis, The Arabs in History, rev. ed. (New York, Evanston, San Francisco, London: Harper-Colophon Books, 1966), pp. 31-32.
    11. Salo W. Baron, A Social and Religious History of the Jews, 3 vols. (New York:
    Columbia University Press, 1937), 1, pp. 308T
    12. Lewis, Arabs in History, p. 40.
    13. S. Safrai, “The Lands of the Diaspora,” in A History ofthe Jewish People, Ben-Sasson, ed., p. 380.

    REAL ISLAM & JIHAD
    EARLY HISTORY OF PEACEFUL ISLAM:
    Islamic leaders and politicians constantly tell us in English that “Islam is a peaceful religion”, but one can’t help wondering if they would say it quite so often if they were absolutely sure it was true.
    Some recorded massacres of Muslim history:
    On December 30, 1066, Joseph HaNagid, the Jewish vizier of Granada, Spain, was crucified by an Arab mob that proceeded to raze the Jewish quarter of the city and slaughtered its 5,000 inhabitants. The riot was apparently incited by Muslim preachers that had angrily objected to what they saw as inordinate Jewish political power. Similarly, in 1465, Arab mobs in Fez slaughtered thousands of Jews, leaving only 11 alive, after a Jewish deputy vizier treated a Muslim woman in “an offensive manner.” The killings touched off a wave of similar massacres throughout Morocco. Other mass murders of Jews in Arab lands occurred in Morocco in the 8th century, where whole communities were wiped out by Muslim ruler Idris I; North Africa in the 12th century, where the Almohads either forcibly converted or decimated several communities; Libya in 1785, where Ali Burzi Pasha murdered hundreds of Jews; Algiers, where Jews were massacred in 1805, 1815 and 1830 and Marrakesh, Morocco, where more than 300 hundred Jews were murdered between 1864 and 1880.
    Decrees ordering the destruction of synagogues were enacted in Egypt and Syria (1014, 1293-4, 1301-2), Iraq (854¬859, 1344) and Yemen (1676). Despite the Qur’an’s purported prohibition, Jews were forced to convert to Islam or face death in Yemen (1165 and 1678), Morocco (1275, 1465 and 1790-92) and Baghdad (1333 and 1344). Some escaped, but the Jews of Arabia who remained were pretty much completely wiped out. Islamic revisionists claim they were killed because they were literally asking for it, is their apologetic rubbish propaganda. These Islamic revisionists (Islamaniacs) claim that the Jews demanded it as per their own law. I mean that’s like the Nazis claiming they were only accommodating the Jews demand to get warm by the ovens. Like Goebbels said, the bigger the lie, the easier it is for others to believe it.
    In the violent, nearly 1,400-year relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims, Jihad and Dhimmitude were firmly established by the 8th century. Perhaps the pre-eminent Islamic scholar in history, Ibn Khaldun (d. 1406), summarized five centuries of prior Muslim jurisprudence with regard to the uniquely Islamic institution of jihad:
    In the Muslim community, the holy war is a religious duty, because of the universalism of the [Muslim] mission and [the obligation to] convert everybody to Islam either by persuasion or by force… The other religious groups did not have a universal mission, and the holy war was not a religious duty for them, save only for purposes of defense… Islam is under obligation to gain power over other nations.
    Between 1894-96, the Ottoman Turks massacred over 200,000 (Dhimmi) Christian Armenians, followed by the first formal genocide of the 20th century, in 1915, at which time they slaughtered an additional 600,000 to 800,000 Armenians. Contemporary accounts from European diplomats confirm that these brutal massacres were perpetrated in the context of a formal Jihad against the Armenians who had attempted to throw off the yoke of Dhimmitude by seeking equal rights and autonomy. Regarding the 1894-96 massacres, the Turkish-speaking interpreter of the British embassy reported:
    …[The perpetrators] are guided in their general action by the prescriptions of the Sheri [Sharia] Law. That law prescribes that if the “rayah” [dhimmi] Christian attempts, by having recourse to foreign powers, to overstep the limits of privileges allowed them by their Mussulman [Muslim] masters, and free themselves from their bondage, their lives and property are to be forfeited, and are at the mercy of the Mussulmans. To the Turkish mind the Armenians had tried to overstep those limits by appealing to foreign powers, especially England. They therefore considered it their religious duty and a righteous thing to destroy and seize the lives and properties of the Armenians…”
    The scholar Bat Yeor confirms this reasoning, noting that the Armenian quest for reforms invalidated their “legal status,” which involved a “contract” (i.e., with their Muslim Turkish rulers).
    This …breach…restored to the umma [the Muslim community] its initial right to kill the subjugated minority [the dhimmis], [and] seize their property…
    In the following chronology, note how closely Islam’s inception is associated with war. From 623 to 777, a span of 154 years, there are 83 military conflicts involving the Muslims…. Muslims tell us Islam is a religion of peace, but all historical facts seem to discredit that claim rather convincingly.
    Chronology of early Islam
    • 570 – Birth of Muhammad in Mecca into the tribe of Quraish.
    • 577 – Muhammad’s mother dies.
    • 595 – Muhammad marries, starts to have children.
    • 605 – Placement of Black Stone in Ka’aba.
    • 610 – Mohammed, in a cave, hears an angel tell him that Allah is the only true God.
    • 613 – Muhammad’s first public preaching of Islam at Mt. Hira. Gets few converts.
    • 615 – Muslims persecuted by the Quraysh.
    • 619 – Marries Sau’da and Aisha
    • 620 – Institution of five daily prayers .
    • 622 – Muhammad immigrates from Mecca to Medina, gets more converts.
    • 623 – Battle of Waddan
    • 623 – Battle of Safwan
    • 623 – Battle of Dul-‘Ashir
    • 624 – Raids on caravans to fund the movement begin.
    • 624 – Zakat becomes mandatory
    • 624 – Battle of Badr
    • 624 – Battle of Bani Salim
    • 624 – Battle of Eid-ul-Fitr & Zakat-ul-Fitr
    • 624 – Battle of Bani Qainuqa’
    • 624 – Battle of Sawiq
    • 624 – Battle of Ghatfan
    • 624 – Battle of Bahran
    • 625 – Battle of Uhud. 70 Muslims killed.
    • 625 – Battle of Humra-ul-Asad
    • 625 – Battle of Banu Nadir
    • 625 – Battle of Dhatul-Riqa
    • 626 – Battle of Badru-Ukhra
    • 626 – Battle of Dumatul-Jandal
    • 626 – Battle of Banu Mustalaq Nikah
    • 627 – Battle of the Trench
    • 627 – Battle of Ahzab
    • 627 – Battle of Bani Qurayza
    • 627 – Battle of Bani Lahyan
    • 627 – Battle of Ghaiba
    • 627 – Battle of Khaibar
    • 628 – Muhammad signs treaty with Quraish. (The 628 Al-Hudaybiyya agreement, between the Prophet and the Meccan tribe of Quraish, was signed for a period of 10 years, which became, in Islamic tradition, the time limit for any agreement with non-Muslims. The agreement was broken after 18 months, Muhammad’s army then conquered Mecca)
    • 630 – Muhammad conquers Mecca.
    • 630 – Battle of Hunain.
    • 630 – Battle of Tabuk
    • 632 – Muhammad dies. The reign of the Caliphs begins.
    • 632 – Abu-Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law, along with Umar, begin a military move to enforce Islam in Arabia.
    • 633 – Battle at Oman
    • 633 – Battle at Hadramaut.
    • 633 – Battle of Kazima
    • 633 – Battle of Walaja
    • 633 – Battle of Ulleis
    • 633 – Battle of Anbar
    • 634 – Battle of Basra,
    • 634 – Battle of Damascus
    • 634 – Battle of Ajnadin.
    • 634 – Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph.
    • 634 – Battle of Namaraq
    • 634 – Battle of Saqatia.
    • 635 – Battle of Bridge.
    • 635 – Battle of Buwaib.
    • 635 – Conquest of Damascus.
    • 635 – Battle of Fahl.
    • 636 – Battle of Yermuk.
    • 636 – Battle of Qadsiyia.
    • 636 – Conquest of Madain.
    • 637 – Battle of Jalula.
    • 638 – Battle of Yarmouk.
    • 638 – The Muslims defeat the Romans and enter Jerusalem.
    • 638 – Conquest of Jazirah.
    • 639 – Conquest of Khuizistan and movement into Egypt.
    • 641 – Battle of Nihawand
    • 642 – Battle of Rayy in Persia
    • 643 – Conquest of Azarbaijan
    • 644 – Conquest of Fars
    • 644 – Conquest of Kharan.
    • 644 – Umar is murdered. Othman becomes the Caliph.
    • 647 – Conquest of Cypress island.
    • 644 – Uman dies, succeeded by Caliph Uthman.
    • 648 – Byzantine campaign begins.
    • 651 – Naval battle against Byzantines.
    • 654 – Islam spreads into North Africa
    • 656 – Uthman is murdered. Ali become Caliph.
    • 658 – Battle of Nahrawan.
    • 659 – Conquest of Egypt
    • 661 – Ali is murdered.
    • 662 – Egypt falls to Islam rule.
    • 666 – Sicily is attacked by Muslims
    • 677 – Siege of Constantinople
    • 687 – Battle of Kufa
    • 691 – Battle of Deir ul Jaliq
    • 700 – Sufism takes root as a sect.
    • 700 – Military campaigns in North Africa
    • 702 – Battle of Deir ul Jamira
    • 711 – Muslims invade Gibraltar
    • 711 – Conquest of Spain
    • 713 – Conquest of Multan
    • 716 – Invasion of Constantinople
    • 732 – Battle of Tours in France.
    • 740 – Battle of the Nobles.
    • 741 – Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa
    • 744 – Battle of Ain al Jurr.
    • 746 – Battle of Rupar Thutha
    • 748 – Battle of Rayy.
    • 749 – Battle of lsfahan
    • 749 – Battle of Nihawand
    • 750 – Battle of Zab
    • 772 – Battle of Janbi in North Africa
    • 777 – Battle of Saragossa in Spain

    CIRB-HEZBOLLAH
    Sunday, October 3, 2010
    Islam and Judaism: the early years – Papers by Ben Abrahamson and Joseph Katz
    http://www.alsadiqin.org/en/index.php?title=Islam_and_Judaism:_the_early_years
    “Islam and Judaism: the early years” a series of articles, using a historiographical approach, stating that Jews and Muslims were originally friends.
    Papers by Ben Abrahamson and Joseph Katz
    The Islamic Jewish Calendar. How the Pilgrimage of the 9th of Av became the Hajj of the 9th of Dhu’al-Hijjah. Researches the derivation and correspondence of the Islamic and Jewish Calendars; explaining how, among other things, the 9th of Av / Pilgrimage became the 9th of Dhu’al-Hijjah / Hajj; discusses the strictly lunar calendar and the use of the crescent symbol as the end result of the rejection of Hillel II’s mathematical calendar.
    Prayer Positions. Tracing the derivation of prayer positions from Torah, to Temple times, to Modern Practice. This paper discusses the various forms of bowing and prostration in use in the Mosque and Synagogue. The groundwork is laid for further research to discern the identity and customs of the Jews of Arabia and rabbinic customs that were shared by Muslims. It also opens the possibility that Islamic custom may have influenced medieval rabbinic custom. Of particular interest is the section “Repetition of the Shemonah Esrei” where the calculation of Rabbinic and Islamic Ra’akat’s are shown to be the same.
    The Persian conquest of Jerusalem in 614CE compared with Islamic conquest of 638CE. Its Messianic nature and the role of the Jewish Exilarch. Explores the conquests of Jerusalem in 614CE and 638CE within the context of previous attempts at Jewish restoration. Discusses reasons for a Persian-Jewish alliance and later a Judeo-Arab alliance. An account is given of Babylonian Jewish Exilarch Nechemiah ben Hushiel, his brother Shallum (Salmaan Farsi) and nephew Yakov (Kab Al-Ahbar) who played pivotal roles in these conquests. Proposes that the twelve men who went to Mecca to meet with the Prophet (pbuh) were Jewish refugees from Edessa, by way of Medina.
    Yosef Dhu Nuwas, a Sadducean King with Sidelocks. This paper traces the history and fortunes of the hellenizing Jewish family of the Tobiads from their Persian roots, to their founding of a petty kingdom at ‘Iraq al-Amir, to the nabatean wars, to the Tubba kings of Himyar. It explores 3rd to 5th century Arabia as an extension of the Second Commonwealth, and a direct descendant of the Tobiad petty kingdom. It also covers the loss of a replica of the Ark of the Covenant adorned even today with the Tobiad/Himyar dove, now buried under a church in Axum, Ethiopia; and discusses the linguistic derivations of saracen, mushreqoon and Dhu Nuwas.
    The Quraish as descendants of Onias IV. Explores the possibility that one of the ancestors of the Quraish was the High Priest Onias IV, that Islam was influenced by Ptolemy, and that the Ka’aba may be the “monument on the border of Egypt” mentioned in Isaiah 19 that was rebuilt along with the Temple at Heliopolis.
    The Weeks of Daniel and the Jewish Mahdi. An exploration of the Jewish prophecies and expectations concerning the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) as “Ish Hammudot”, the man greatly valued, beloved, referred to in the book of Daniel. According to some Islamic, as well as Jewish tradition, the original meeting of “Maseeh” and “Madhi” was the meeting of the Jewish Exilarch Salmaan Farsi with the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh). The close relationship between the descendant of King David and the Prophet (pbuh) or his replacement (Caliph) was a prototype of events that would only reach their consummation at the end of days.
    The True Meaning of Jihad. The conquest of Israel, Jerusalem and the Rebuilding of the Temple for the Jews. Research into the roots and context of Jihad as “Y-H Echad” as related to Sanctification of the Name, or Kiddush Hashem. A historical analysis of the derivation of Islam within the context of Mecca (home to a Ptolemaic-Sadducean Universal religion) and Medina (home to Jewish militancy, the last remnants of the Great Revolts).
    Islamic Terms borrowed from Judaism A work in progress. It is intended to be a list of common “points of contact” between Islam and Judaism as evidenced by borrowed vocabulary. The list needs to be greatly expanded, especially referencing the work of Reinhart Dozy.
    References
    Retrieved from “http://www.alsadiqin.org/en/index.php?title=Islam_and_Judaism:_the_early_years”
    Category: Islam and Judaism
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    http://www.facebook.com/ben613
    Ben Abrahamson
    Bio
    I am an orthodox Chassidic Jew from Israel who works as an historian, a consultant, to an important Rabbinical Court in Jerusalem.
    Most of the people here know me from my endless discussions about the similarities between Islamic and Jewish customs. I enjoy talking about the Haddith, the histories of Tabari, Ibn Hisham and Al-Waqidi, and the kings of Himyar, as I much as I enjoy discussing the Midrash Rabbah, the Midrashei Geulah, Rambam, Tosefos or the Shulchan Aruch.
    I love to talk about common prayer customs, architecture and calendars.
    But it is clear to me that there is more to this than just similarities, they obviously go back to a common root, a common faith.
    In our literature we are taught that there is common faith, a fundamental “religion” which all men are born into. There is a basic faith that is obligated on all mankind. Jews have called this yireh shomaym, ger toshav or bnei noah in Hebrew, theosebeia in greek, and according to school of Rabbi Benamozegh, this fundamental “religion” is also called by the name Islam.
    In the Holy Torah, everywhere the word “Kenite” used, it is translated to Aramaic, it is called Salamai, or Muslamai. Some suggest this refers to the great numbers of non-Jewish believers who came to sacrifice the Qurban Shlamim in Jerusalem together with the Jews. Salamai, Musalamai, Muslims. This could be a clear indication in our literature that Islam is an ancient religion, dating back to second temple times, at least. And if Islam’s roots are the same as what we call bnei noah, then it is much older, it is the religion of Noah, and Adam himself.
    The closeness of Islam and Judaism was always understood by Biblical Scholars up until recent years. The close relationship between Jews, the ten lost tribes, the Arabs and Rachabites was all assumed. With the advent of German revisionists, Wellhausen and Büchler, and others, this all changed. They introduced ideas that Islam started with Moon or rock worship, or a falling asteroid. Devout Jews know that this is not true.
    It is a fact of Jewish Law that we believe that Muslims are perfect monotheists. They worship the same God that we do.

    IT’S WORSE THAN THE WORLD UNDERSTANDS:
    I HAVE TO GIVE A LESSON IN BIOLOGY & HISTORY, SO THAT THE WORLD UNDERSTANDS WHAT’S GOING ON.

    A PARABLE:
    THE JEWISH WASP & THE MUSLIM COCKROACH
    Researchers discover how wasps’ venom makes roaches their slaves.
    Sting in the brain: a toxic injection renders cockroaches submissive. Libersat Researchers have worked out the neurological trick used by a species of wasp to turn cockroaches into ‘zombie slaves’. The discovery explains why, once stung, cockroaches can be led by a much smaller master towards certain death. Researchers have proven their theory by replicating the effect, and by using an antidote injection to release the cockroaches from their zombie state.
    Zombie insects might sound like the B-movie plot device from heaven (or hell, depending on your cinematic preferences). But to the emerald cockroach wasp (Ampulex compressa), they’re a tried and tested way to provide food for their hungry larvae.
    The wasp, which lives in tropical regions of Africa, India and the Pacific Islands, relies on cockroaches for its grisly life cycle. But unlike many venomous predators, which paralyse their victims before eating them or dragging them back to their lair, the wasp’s sting leaves the cockroach able to walk, but unable to initiate its own movement.
    The wasp then grabs the cockroach’s antenna and leads it back to the nest. The cockroach walks “like a dog on a leash”, says Frederic Libersat of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel, who led the research and has previously described the wasps’ behaviour in detail. Once home, the merciless wasp lays an egg on the docile cockroach’s belly, and the larva, once hatched, devours the hapless insect, support that theory. The researchers report that the venom works to block a neurotransmitter called octopamine, which is involved in preparations to execute complex behaviours such as walking.
    Libersat and his team found that they could restore spontaneous walking behaviour in stung cockroaches by giving them a compound that reactivates octopamine receptors in the insects’ central nervous system. This, they conclude, means that the wasp venom probably blocks these receptors.
    What’s more, the researchers discovered that injecting unstung cockroaches with a compound that blocks these receptors produced a similar effect to that of the venom.
    • References
    1. Rosenberg, L. A., Glusman, J. G. & Libersat, F. J. Exp. Biol. 210, 4411-4417 (2007).
    The Mother of Mohammed, Amina was of Jewish birth. Von Hammer.
    “Mohammed, who was the only son of Abdallah, a Pagan, and Amina, a Jewess, and was descended from the noble but impoverished family of Hashim, of the priestly tribe of Koreish, who were the chiefs and keepers of the national sanctuary of the Kaaba, and pretended to trace their origin to Ismael, the son of Abraham and Hagar, was born at Mecca, August 20, A.D. 570 …’
    At that period, there were many “Jews’ in that area. Again from The History Of The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon, volume 5, page 202:
    “Seven hundred years before the death of Mahomet the Jews were settled in Arabia; and a far greater multitude was expelled from the Holy Land in the wars of Titus and Hadrian. The industrious exiles aspired to liberty and power: they erected synagogues in the cities, and castles in the wilderness; and their Gentile converts were confounded with the children of Israel [Jews] …”
    Waves of Israelites to Arabia bringing Judaism in various stages of development
    The traditional view of Arabian history centers on Yemen. It is assumed that a fairly developed civilization grew in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. For several hundred years it grew rich by exporting gold, frankincense and myrrh to the Roman Empire; as well as controlling the overland routes to India and the East. The first collapse of the Marib dam around 450 CE; the decline of the use of frankincense due to the Christianization of Rome; and the Rome success bypassing the desert by using a sea route led to the collapse of southern Arabian society. This in turn led to waves of immigration from the South to North, from the city to the desert.
    Dr. Günter Lüling proposes an alternative paradigm.[1] He proposes a “more historical picture of Central Arabia, inundated throughout a millennium by heretical Israelites”. He envisions waves of Israelite refugees headed, North to South, to Arabia bringing with them Judaism in various stages of development. Linguistic and literary-historical research in the Qur’an tends to support the notion of a more northerly origin for linguistic development of Arabic.[2] Here is a brief summary of three of these waves of Judaic immigration: Herodian, Sadducean and Zealot (explained in more detail elsewhere).[3]
    KAABA BUILT BY JEWS

    During the time of Ptolemy, the native population of Cush originally inhabited both sides of the Red Sea: on the east, southern and eastern Arabia; and on the west, Abyssinia (Ethiopia-Eritrea). During the reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor (r 181–145 BCE), the Jewish High Priest Onias IV built a Jewish Temple in Heliopolis, Egypt and also one in Mecca, Arabia. He did this to fulfill his understanding of the prophecy of Isaiah 19:19, “In that day shall there be an altar to the Lord (Heliopolis) in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border (Mecca) thereof to the Lord.” The border of Ptolemy’s empire was in Arabia.

    The first wave of immigrants came with the success of the Maccabean, later Herodian, Judeo-Arab kingdom. Romanized Arabs (and Jews) from the trans-Jordan began migrating southward. The Tobiads which briefly had controlled Jerusalem extended their power southward from Petra and established the “Tubba” dynasty of kings of Himyar. Yathrib was settled during this period.

    The second wave of immigrants came before the destruction of the Temple, when refugees fleeing the war, as well as the Sadducean leadership, fled to Arabia. Khaibar was established as a city of Sadducean Cohen-Priests at this time.
    The third wave of immigrants were mostly refugees and soldiers from Bar Kochba’s revolt – fighters trained in the art of war and zealously nationalistic – sought refugee in Arabia.

    This last wave of immigrants included people who are known in Islamic literature as the Aus and the Khazraj. Around 300 CE, they were forced out of Syria by the rising strength of Christian Rome, and the adoption of the Ghassan leader, Harith I, of Christianity. At first the Aus and Khazraj lived on the outskirts of Yathrib. According to Islamic sources, the Khazraj, headed by Malik ibn Ajlan, sought and obtained military assistance from the Bani Ghasaan; and having enticed the principal chiefs of Yathrib into an enclosed tent, massacred them.[4] Then the citizens of Yathrib, beguiled into security by a treacherous peace, attended a feast given by their unprincipled foes; and there a second butchery took place, in which they lost the whole of their leaders.[5]
    REFERENCES:
    1.”A new Paradigm for the Rise of Islam and its Consequences for a New Paradigm of the History of Israel” by Dr. Günter Lüling; Originally appeared in The Journal of Higher Criticism Nr. 7/1, Spring 2000, pp. 23-53.
    2.Hagarism, Crone and Cook
    3.See the authors essays “The Prophet Muhammed as a descendant of Onias III” and “From Bar Kochba to the Prophet Muhammed”
    4.See Katib at Wackidi, p. 287.
    5. “Life of Mohamet I”, by Sir Walter Muir, Chapter III, Section 6

    LEONTOPOLIS

    Onias IV described in Jewish history as someone trying to fulfill the prophecies of Isaiah 19. He was son of high priest Onias III in the Jerusalem temple, who was humiliated and booted out by the Hasmonean Jews. Josephus says about his establishing a temple in Egypt:
    “Yet did not Onias do this out of a sober disposition, but he had a mind to contend with the Jews at Jerusalem, and could not forget the indignation he had for being banished thence. Accordingly, he thought that by building this temple he should draw away a great number from them to himself.”
    “LEONTOPOLIS: Place in the nome of Heliopolis, Egypt, situated 180 stadia from Memphis; famous as containing a Jewish sanctuary, the only one outside of Jerusalem where sacrifices were offered….According to Josephus, the temple of Leontopolis existed for 343 years, though the general opinion is that this number must be changed to 243. It was closed either by the governor of Egypt, Lupus, or by his successor, Paulinus, about three years after the destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem; and the sacrificial gifts, or rather the interior furnishings, were confiscated for the treasury of Vespasian (“B. J.” vii. 10, § 4), the emperor fearing that through this temple Egypt might become a new center for Jewish rebellion.
    Josephus’ account in the “Antiquities” is therefore more probable, namely, that the builder of the temple was a son of the murdered Onias III., and that, a mere youth at the time of his father’s death, he had fled to the court of Alexandria in consequence of the Syrian persecutions, perhaps because he thought that salvation would come to his people from Egypt (“Ant.” xii. 5, § 1; ib. 9, § 7). Ptolemy VI. Philometor was King of Egypt at that time. He probably had not yet given up his claims to CÅ“le-Syria and Judea, and gladly gave refuge to such a prominent personage of the neighboring country. Onias now requested the king and his sister and wife, Cleopatra, to allow him to build a sanctuary in Egypt similar to the one at Jerusalem, where he would employ Levites and priests of his own race (ib. xiii. 3, § 1); and he referred to the prediction of the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah. xix. 19) that a Jewish temple would be erected in Egypt (“Ant.” l.c.). The Onias temple was not exactly similar to the Temple at Jerusalem, being more in the form of a high tower; and as regards the interior arrangement, it had not a candelabrum, but a hanging lamp.
    In the Talmud the origin of the temple of Onias is narrated with legendary additions, there being two versions of the account (Men. 109b). It must be noted that here also Onias is mentioned as the son of Simon, and that Isaiah’s prophecy is referred to.
    In regard to the Law the temple of Onias (…, handed down in the name of Saadia Gaon as … ) was looked upon as neither legitimate nor illegitimate, but as standing midway between the worship of Yhwh and idolatry (Men. 109a; Tosef., Men. xiii. 12-14);”
    As you can see from the description above, this rogue high priest, Onias IV, who felt abandoned by Hasmonean Jews, constructed a temple on the border of Egypt, with a tower (pillar/ minaret), where he and his descendants performed sacrifices and dreamed of uniting his family with Egyptians and Assyrians, for the purpose of fulfilling the prophecy in ISAIAH 19. His temple was closed three years after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem (the Romans fearing it could become the center for a Jewish revolt). After that, there is no mention of the whereabouts of this family among Jews.
    On the other end, we have Muhammad, claiming to be described in the Bible, leads a revolt against the Romans, fulfills Isaiah 19, worships a Jewish form of God, with an altar and a high tower, no candlebrums, lamps hanging, performing sacrifices, circling the Kabaa etc like a Jewish priest, on the border of Egypt, ministering to non Jews (as prophesised in Isaiah 19) and belonging to a tribe that was founded by a man whose DNA is identical to the Cohens and who lived at the time when Onias Temple was shut down! I don’t think it is that hard to see the connection here. All it would have taken is for the Romans to bear down on the Jews, and this Jewish family, like so many others, would have moved south, but stayed along the border of Egypt and settled down in Mecca, where they could minister to the locals, as they had in Leontopolis and fulfill Isaiah 19. It does not seem that difficult to imagine.

    WHY DID ALL MUHAMMAD’S SONS DIE BEFORE HIM?
    WHY DID HE DISOWN HIS ADOPTED SON?
    WHY WAS FATIMAH ATTACKED BY UMAR?
    WHY DIDN’T SHE INHERIT FROM HER FATHER?
    Why would Fatima and Abu Bakr engage in a protracted dispute over the inheritance of the estate of Muhammad (see the Sahih Muslim, Book 19, No. 4354) if, as Muhammad’s wife Aisha (“Mother of the Believers”) described, Muhammad died a poor man with his armor mortgaged to a Jew in Medina? What happened to the enormous wealth of Khadija, Muhammad’s first wife, after she died? Would he not have inherited it?
    Book 019, Number 4354:
    It has been narrated by ‘Urwa b Zubair on the authority of ‘A’isha, wife of the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him), that Fatima, daughter of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), requested Abu Bakr, after the death of the Messenger of Allah (may peace he upon him), that he should set apart her share from what the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) had left from the properties that God had bestowed upon him. Abu Bakr said to her: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said:” We do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is Sadaqa (charity).” The narrator said: She (Fatima) lived six months after the death of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and she used to demand from Abu Bakr her share from the legacy of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) from Khaibar, Fadak and his charitable endowments at Medina. Abu Bakr refused to give her this, and said: I am not going to give up doing anything which the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to do. I am afraid that it I go against his instructions in any matter I shall deviate from the right course. So far as the charitable endowments at Medina were concerned, ‘Umar handed them over to ‘All and Abbas, but ‘Ali got the better of him (and kept the property under his exclusive possession). And as far as Khaibar and Fadak were concerned ‘Umar kept them with him, and said: These are the endowments of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) (to the Umma). Their income was spent on the discharge of the responsibilities that devolved upon him on the emergencies he had to meet. And their management was to be in the hands of one who managed the affairs (of the Islamic State). The narrator said: They have been managed as such up to this day.
    From A Dictionary of Non-Christian Religions:
    Khadija. The first wife of the Prophet Muhammad, and during their twenty-four years of married life his only wife. Khadija was a rich merchant’s widow, who first of all employed Muhammad in her service. She was said to have been married twice before, with children of her own. She was about forty years of age, but bore Muhammad seven children. Their marriage was happy, and Khadija encouraged Muhammad after his visions and during his early preachings, being virtually his first convert. Her cousin Waraqa (q.v.) was a Christian and no doubt this helped to make her sympathetic to Muhammad’s teaching of one God. Her death in A.D. 619 was a grievous loss to the Prophet, and only then did he take other wives.*
    If you can’t strive (for jihad) with your own wealth (Q. 9:41), why not strive with someone else’s? Of course, many important men throughout history would never have made it so far if they hadn’t married a rich woman. Isn’t it inspiring for the prophet of one of the world’s biggest religions to have done so?
    In addition to Khadija’s money, Muhammad amassed personal wealth in his lifetime through his role in early Islam including Safi (special gifts from the spoils of war), khums tax revenues (both as the prophet who was entitled to one-fifth of khums and as a Muslim soldier who was entitled to an individual share for four-fifths of the remaining ghanima), and 100 percent of the spoils of Khaybar, the oasis he stole from the Jews.
    Muhammad understood that to be Prophet, he needed profit. Money, both the legal acquisition of and the illegal confiscation of it, were central to fueling Muhammad’s rise to power and the spread of early Islam.
    *Parrinder, Geoffrey, A Dictionary of Non-Christian Religions (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1971).

    The Shia tell us that Muhammad was MURDERED by poison and that it was AISHA & HAFSA the daughters of ABU BAKR & UMAR who did it!
    ARABIAN JEWS CREATED ISLAM TO BUILD AN ARMY TO FIGHT THE ROMANS WHO HAD DESTROYED THEIR TEMPLE IN 70 AD AND WERE IN OCCUPATION OF JERUSALEM. THEY ALSO WANTED TO DESTROY THE BYZANTINES
    THE FIRST CALIPH WAS THE JEW ABU BAKR!
    ABU BAKR HAD THE FIRST QURAN PUBLISHED.
    ISLAM & QURAN ARE THE CREATION OF ABU BAKR & UMAR
    WE CAN SEE WHO REALLY CONTROLS ISLAM:
    IT’S TALMMUDIC JUDAISM & MOSSAD THAT ARE BEHIND THE HEINOUS ATTACKS ON CHRISTIANS ALL OVER THE MIDDLE EAST!!!
    THE ARAB SPRING, IRAQ, LIBYA & SYRIA ARE MOSSAD OPERATIONS!
    WAHHABIS ARE MARRANO JEWS, FOLLOWERS OF ABU BAKR & UMAR.

    JEWISH PERSECUTION OF CHRISTIANS
    During the famous Bar Kochba Rebellion of AD 135, Christians refused to fight, as a result of which, according to Justin Martyr, they were “commanded to be punished severely, if they did not deny Jesus as the Messiah and blaspheme him.”
    In pre-Islamic Yemen, a Jewish king called Dhu Nuwas came to power and persecuted Christians in his realm, and massacred Christian communities in Najran in about 524; apparently this was intended as retaliation for Christian Byzantine persecutions of the Jews. According to Muslim tradition, he was the person cursed in the Quran for burning believers alive (Quran 85:4-8.)
    In the early sixth century, Khosrau II, King of Persia from 591 to 628, ‘invaded Asia Minor and Syria at the head of a large army. The Jews joined the Persians in great numbers under the leadership of Benjamin of Tiberias, a man of immense wealth, by whom they were enlisted and armed. The Tiberian Jews, with those of Nazareth and the mountain cities of Galilee, marched on Jerusalem with the Persian division commanded by Shahrbaraz. Later they were joined by the Jews of southern Palestine; and supported by a band of Arabs, the united forces took Jerusalem by storm (July, 614). Ninety thousand Christians are said to have perished. .. In conjunction with the Persians, the Jews swept through Palestine, destroyed the monasteries which abounded in the country, and expelled or killed the monks. Bands of Jews from Jerusalem, Tiberias, Galilee, Damascus, and even from Cyprus, united and undertook an incursion against Tyre, having been invited by the 4,000 Jewish inhabitants of that city to surprise and massacre the Christians on Easter night. The Jewish army is said to have consisted of 20,000 men. The expedition, however, miscarried, as the Christians of Tyre learned of the impending danger, and seized the 4,000 Tyrian Jews as hostages. The Jewish invaders destroyed the churches around Tyre, an act which the Christians avenged by killing two thousand of their Jewish prisoners. The besiegers, to save the remaining prisoners, withdrew.’ According to the “Jewish Encyclopedia”, ‘The immediate results of these wars filled the Jews with joy. Many Christians became Jews through fear. A Sinaitic monk embraced Judaism of his own free will, and became a vehement assailant of his former belief.’
    In Ethiopia, Queen Gudit, who persecuted Christians around 970 AD and helped bring down the Kingdom of Aksum, is said in Ethiopian chronicles to have been Jewish.
    In contemporary Israel, conservative Jewish residents of Jerusalem’s Meit Sharim district have been accused of spitting and otherwise molesting Christians (especially Armenian or Palestinian ones) who pass through their neighborhood. The Israeli government has been accused of intentionally denying residence visas to Christian clergy, owing to its dissatisfaction with the influence of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches.

    JEWS SLAUGHTERED THOUSANDS OF CHRISTIANS
    Palestinian monk Antiochus Strategos of Mar Saba. in his Capture of Jerusalem, the Georgian text of which fills 66 large octavo pages of 33 lines each.38 Strategos devoted particular attention to the massacre perpetrated by the Jews in “the reservoir of Mamel [the Mamilla Pool]” after thousands of Christians were confined there by the conquering Persians: Thereupon the vile Jews . . . rejoiced exceedingly, because they detested the Christians, and they conceived an evil plan. . . . And in this season then the Jews approached the edge of the reservoir and called out to the children of God, while they were shut therein, and said to them: “If ye would escape from death, become Jews and deny Christ; and then ye shall . . . join us. We will ransom you with our money and ye shall be benefited by us.” But their plot and desire were not fulfilled . . . because the

  3. JEWS REFUSED TO HAVE THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM REBUILT – FOR FREE!

    HEBREW TEMPLES: NOT ONLY IN JERUSALEM: ALSO IN ELEPHANTINE AND LEONTOPOLIS

    SHALOM:

    OVER THE PAST FEW YEARS, I HAVE BEEN AT MANY SEMINARS OR CLASSES, AND EVEN INVITED TO A CONVENTION, WHERE JEWS, SOMETIMES ALONG WITH APOCALYPETICAL CHRISTIAN ZIONISTS, HAVE WANTED TO BUILD THE THIRD TEMPLE ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT IN JERUSALEM, NOW, AND TEAR DOWN THE MUSLIM DOME OF THE ROCK.

    THE JEWISH PREMISE HAS BEEN AT THESE GATHERINGS THAT THIS TEMPLE SITE HAS NOT BEEN USED SINCE 70 AD WHEN THE ROMANS DESTROYED IT, AND THAT JUDAISM IS PLACE BOUND, AND WITHOUT THE TEMPLE SACRIFICES WE ARE NOT COMPLETE JEWS. THEY FURTHER STATE THAT THIS TEMPLE CAN ONLY BE IN JERUSALEM AND THAT THIS FACT HAS BEEN TRUE SINCE KING DAVID FIRST HAD THE IDEA FOR THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM IN 1000 BCE, WHICH HIS SON KING SOLOMON BUILT CIRCA 950 BCE.

    THE OPINION OF THE APOCALYPETIC CHRISTIANS IS THAT THE TEMPLE NEEDS TO BE BUILT AND FUNCTIONING FOR JESUS TO HAVE A SAFE LANDING ZONE, FOR HIS SECOND COMING, (OR IS IT THE THIRD COMING BECAUSE IT IS SAID HE DID COME BACK 3 DAYS AFTER HIS DEATH AND WALKED AMONG HIS DISCIPLES AND OTHERS FOR ABOUT 7 WEEKS?).

    THIS TEMPLE AND A JEWISH SECURE JERUSALEM WILL ALSO PROVIDE A SAFE LANDING ZONE FOR THOSE CHRISTIANS WHO ARE TAKEN UP IN THE ”RAPTURE”, ALONG WITH A HANDFUL OF USEFUL RIGHTEOUS JEWS. OF COURSE WHEN THIS IS ALL ACCOMPLISHED, THE REST OF WORLD JEWRY, ABOUT 99.98%, WILL GO TO HELL.

    WELL, PUTTING THE APOCALYPTIC VIEW ASIDE, AS IT IS NOT MY JOB TO TEACH ANOTHER RELIGION’S THEOLOGY, AS I HAVE ENOUGH TSORRES TRYING TO TEACH FACTS TO MY OWN PEOPLE, I WOULD LIKE IN THIS ESSAY TO SHED SOME LIGHT ON HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE THAT MAY HELP RE- SHAPE OPINIONS.

    THE TALMUD MAKES IT VERY CLEAR THAT JUDAISM IS NOT PLACE BOUND AND NO LONGER NEEDS THE TEMPLE NOR ITS SACRIFICES. PRAYER WHICH THE RABBIS CALLED SERVICE OF THE HEART, [TALMUD BAVLI TRACTATE TAANIT 2A] AND MITZVOTH, REPLACED SACRIFICES AND HELP US ATONE FOR OUR SINS AND RITUAL IMPURITY. (TALMUD TRACTATE BERACOTH 26 B )MORE SO THE RABBIS STATE THAT OUR HOMES’ TABLES, WHERE WE SERVE OUR MEALS TO OUR FAMILY AND FRIENDS, REPLACE THE ALTARS, WHERE SACRIFICES WERE DONE.[TALMUD BAVLI TRACTATE CHAGIGAH 27A]. WE SHOULD ALWAYS SPEAK AND STUDY WORDS OF TORAH AND TALMUD WHEN WE EAT, THEY DECLARED.(MISHNA PIRKET AVOT 3:4)

    FURTHER, WHILE THE TABERNACLE IN THE DESERT AND WHEN IN ISRAEL WAS PORTABLE, AND CONSTRUCTED WITH GOD’S INSTRUCTIONS TO BE PORTABLE, WITH GOLD RINGS AND POLES, TO BE CARRIED, THE TALMUD BAVLI TRACTATE SOTAH 35A EXPLAINS IT WAS SO HEAVY, YET EASY TO BE CARRIED, AS THE ARK CARRIED ITSELF FOR THE MEN AS THEY HAD THE POLES ON THEIR SHOULDERS. GOD MADE THE ARK TO BE VERY PORTABLE.

    THE IDEA THAT AFTER SOLOMON BUILT THE TEMPLE, THAT JERUSALEM WAS THE ONLY SITE FOR THE TEMPLE IS A MYTH AND BEING USED FOR POLITICAL ZIONISM.

    WHEN IN 586 BCE THE REMAINING TWO TRIBES OF THE HEBREWS, JUDAH AND BENJAMIN, WHOSE CAPITAL WAS JERUSALEM, WERE TAKEN INTO CAPTIVITY BY BABYLON, A REMNANT OF HEBREWS ESCAPES TO AN ISLAND IN THE NILE NEAR ASWAN. THERE THEY CONSTRUCTED WHAT IS CALLED THE ELEPHANTINE ISLAND HEBREW TEMPLE. THE ISLAND THEN WAS THEN CALLED YEB.

    JEWS FIRST WENT TO ELEPHANTINE ISLAND DURING THE TIME OF MANASSAH, AKA MENASHE, WHO THE TALMUD LABELS ONE OF JUDAISM’S THREE MOST EVIL KINGS.

    THIS WAS ABOUT 650 BCE. BUT THEY DIDN’T BUILD A TEMPLE UNTIL AFTER 586 BCE, ABOUT 75 YEARS LATER, WHEN THE HEBREW TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM WAS DESTROYED.

    WHEN THE PERSIANS BEAT THE BABYLONIANS, AND CYRUS THE GREAT CIRCA, 516 BCE, ALLOWED EZRA TO BUILD THE SECOND TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM, THIS ELEPHANTINE TEMPLE WAS STILL FUNCTIONING, AND DOING ANIMAL AND GRAIN SACRIFICES AS PER LEVITICAL LAW. THERE IS NOTHING IN LEVITICUS SAYING A TEMPLE HAD TO BE IN JERUSALEM. IN FACT FROM CIRCA 500 BCE TO 412 BCE WHEN PERSIA RAN EGYPT, THIS ISLAND WAS A FORTRESS ON THE NILE, AND THE JEWS PLAYED AN INTEGRAL PART WITH THE PERSIAN ARMY OF PROTECTING THE NILE FOR PERSIA.
    WHEN THE PERSIANS CAME TO EGYPT IN 499 BCE THEY DESTROYED MANY EGYPTIAN TEMPLES BUT DIDN’T HARM THE HEBREW’S TEMPLE. IN FACT, WHEN SOME EGYPTIANS DID SOME HEAVY DAMAGE TO THE HEBREW TEMPLE, THE PERSIANS PAID TO FIX IT AFTER THE HEBREWS REQUESTED IT, AFTER BEING IGNORED, MORE THAN DENIED, FROM THEIR BROTHER HEBREWS IN JERUSALEM (!!). THIS IS BELOW LETTER IS FROM 407 BCE. NOTE HOW THIS IS MENTIONED IN THE DOCUMENT BELOW, AND THAT IT IS MENTIONED THAT WHEN PERSIAN KING CAMBYSES II INVADED EGYPT IN 525 BCE THE PERSIANS FOUND THE HEBREW TEMPLE FUNCTIONING. IT HAD BEEN FOR ABOUT 60 YEARS PRIOR TO THE PERSIANS ARRIVAL.

    Recto
    (1st side)

    To our lord, Bagohi, governor of Yehud, (from) your servants: Yedaniah and his associates, the priests who are in the fortress of Yeb.

    May the God of the Heavens perpetually pursue the welfare of our lord greatly and grant you favors before Darius the king and the “sons of the palace” a thousand times more than now. May you be joyful and healthy at all times.

    Now your servant Yedaniah and his associates testify as follows:

    In the month of Tammuz, in the fourteenth year of Darius the king, when Arsames departed and went to the king, the priests of the god Khnub, who is in the fortress of Yeb, conspired with Vidranga, who was administrator here, to destroy the temple of Yahu in the fortress of Yeb. So that villian Vidranga sent this order to his son Nefayan, who was in command of the garrison of the fortress at Sawn: “The temple of the god Yahu in the fortress of Yeb shall be destroyed.” Nefayan consequently led the Egyptians with other troops. Arriving with their weapons at the fortress of Yeb, they entered the temple and burned it to the ground. They smashed the stone pillars that were there. They demolished five great gateways constructed of hewn blocks of stone which were in the temple; but their doors (are still standing), and the hinges of those doors are made of bronze. And the roof of cedar in its entirety, with the . . . and whatever else was there, were all burned with fire. As for the basins of gold and silver and other articles that were in the temple, they carried all of them off and took them as personal possessions.
    Now, our ancestors built this temple in the fortress of Yeb in the days of the kingdom of Egypt; and when Cambyses came to Egypt he found it (already) constructed. They (the Persians) knocked down all the temples of the Egyptian gods; but no one damaged this temple. But when this happened, we and our wives and our children wore sackcloth, and fasted, and prayed to Yahu, the Lord of Heaven, who has let us “see to” Vidranga. The axes removed the anklet from his feet (?) and any property he had acquired was lost. And all those who have sought to do evil to this temple—all of them—have all been killed, and we have “seen to” them.
    We have (previously) sent letters to our lord when this catastrophe happened to us;
    Verso
    (2nd side)

    18.cBYD LN ‘GRH Å L HN MR’N WcL YHWHNN KHN’ RB’ WKNWTH KHNY’ ZY BYRWÅ LM Wc L ‘WSTN ‘HWHY
    ________________________________________
    19.ZY c NNY W HRY YHWDY’ ‘GRH HDH L’ Å LHW cLYN ‘P MN YR H TMWZ Å NT ///— DRYHWÅ  MLK’
    ________________________________________
    20.Wc DZNH YWM’ ‘NHNH Å QQN LBÅ N YSYMYN NÅ Y’ ZYLN K’RMLH c BYDYN MÅ  H L’ MÅ HYN
    ________________________________________
    21.WHMR L’ Å TYN ‘P MN ZKY WcD YWM Å NT /// ///– DRYHWÅ  MLK’ MNHH WLBWNH WcLWH
    ________________________________________
    22.L’ c BDW B’GWR’ ZK KcN cBDYK YDNYH WKNWTH WYHWDY’ KL B c LY YB KN ‘MRYN
    ________________________________________
    23.HN c L MR’N TB ‘TcÅ T cL ‘NWR’ ZK LMBNH BZYL’ Å BQN LN LMBNYH HZY BcLY
    ________________________________________
    24.TBTK WR H MYK ZY TNH BMSRYN ‘GRH MNK YÅ TLHcLYHWM c L ‘GWR’ ZY YHW ‘LH’
    ________________________________________
    25.LMBNYH BYB BYRT’ LQBL ZY BNH HWH QDMYN WMHT’ WLBWNT’ WcLWT’ YQRBWN
    ________________________________________
    26.c L MDB H’ ZY YHW ‘LH’ BÅ MK WNSLH cLYK BKL c DN ‘N HNH WNÅ YN WBNYN WYHWDY’
    ________________________________________
    27.KL ZY TNH HN KN cBDW cD ZY ‘GWR’ ZK YTBNH WSDQH YHWH LK QDM YHW ‘LH
    ________________________________________
    28.Å MY’ MN GBR ZY YQRBLH cLWH WDBHN DMN KDMY KSP KNKRYN LP W cL ZHB cL ZNH
    ________________________________________
    29.Å LHN HWD cN ‘P KL’ MLY’ B’GRH HDH Å LHN KÅ MN c L DLYH WÅ LMYH BNY SN’BLT PHT Å MRYN
    ________________________________________
    30.’P BZNH ZY c BYD LN KL’ ‘RÅ M L’ YDc B LMRH Å WN Å NT /// ///— DRYHWÅ  MLK’
    ________________________________________
    ________________________________________

    Transliteration of special characters
    • ‘ = ‘Aleph
    • H = H eth
    • T = T eth
    • c = c Ayin
    • S = Sadê
    • Š = Šin

    Verso
    (2nd side)

    and to the high priest Yehochannan and his associates, the priests in Jerusalem; and to Ostan, the kinsman of Anani; and the Judahite elites. They have never sent us a letter. Furthermore, from the month of Tammuz, the fourteenth year of Darius the king, until today, we have been wearing sackcloth and fasting, making our wives as widows, not anointing ourselves with oil or drinking wine. Furthermore, from then until now, in the seventeenth year of Darius the king, no grain-offering, incense, or burnt-offering has been sacrificed in this temple.

    Now your servants Yedaniah, and his associates, and the Judahites, all inhabitants of Yeb, state: If it seems good to our lord, remember this temple to reconstruct it, since they do not let us reconstruct it. Look to your clients and friends here in Egypt. Let a letter be sent from you to them concerning the temple of the god Yahu to construct it in the fortress of Yeb as it was before. And the grain-offering, incense, and burnt-offering will be offered in your name, and we will pray for you continuously—we, our wives, and our children, and the Judahites who are here, all of them—if you do this so that this temple is reconstructed. And you shall have honor before Yahu, the God of the Heavens, more than a man who offers him burnt-offerings and sacrifices worth a thousand talents of silver and gold. Because of this, we have written to inform you. We have also set forth the whole matter in a letter in our name to Delaiah and Shelemiah, the sons of Sanballat, the governor of Samaria. Furthermore, Arsames (the Persian satrap) knew nothing of all that was perpetrated on us.

    On the twentieth of Marheshwan, the seventeenth year of Darius the King.

    FURTHER THE PERSIANS, ALLOWED THE JEWS COMPLETE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM, AND EVEN ALLOWED THE JEWISH SOLDIERS GUARDING THE ISLAND, OFF FOR PASSOVER:

    “The Passover Papyrus”
    A very defective strip of papyrus with writing on both sides. Date: 419 BCE
    [To] my [brethren Yedo]niah and his colleagues the [J]ewish gar[rison], your brother Hanan[iah]. The welfare of my brothers may God [seek at all times]. Now, this year, the fifth year of King Darius, word was sent from the king to Arsa[mes saying, “Authorize a festival of unleavened bread for the Jew]ish [garrison]”. So do you count fou[rteen days of the month of Nisan and] obs[erve the Passover], and from the 15th to the 21st day of [Nisan observe the festival of unleavened bread]. Be (ritually) clean and take heed. [Do n]o work [on the 15th or the 21st day, no]r drink [beer, nor eat] anything [in] which the[re is] leaven [from the 14th at] sundown until the 21st of Nis[an. For seven days it shall not be seen among you. Do not br]ing it into your dwellings but seal (it) up between these date[s. By order of King Darius. To] my brethren Yedoniah and the Jewish garrison, your brother Hanani[ah].

    NOW DURING THE 90 OR SO YEARS THE PERSIANS AND THE JEWS EXISTED TOGETHER ON ELEPHANTINE ISLAND, CIRCA 499 BCE TO 412 BCE, EZRA’S SECOND TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM, [THE LAND OF JUDEA UNDER PERSIAN RULE AS WELL], BUILT IN 516 BCE, ALSO EXISTED.

    HENCE FROM 586 BCE TO 516 BCE THE ELEPHANTINE TEMPLE IN EGYPT WAS THE ONLY HEBRAIC TEMPLE. THAT IS A 70 YEAR PERIOD. DURING THIS TIME, THE HEBREWS IN BABYLON, GAVE UP ON THE HEBREW CULT OF THE PRIESTHOOD AND BEGAN TO DEVELOP JUDAISM WITH RABBIS, AND PRAYERS, AND MITZVOTH, INSTEAD OF SACRIFICES.

    FROM 516 BCE TO 411 BCE, TWO COMPETING HEBREW TEMPLES EXISTED. THIS PERIOD IS MORE THAN A CENTURY.

    EACH HAD THEIR COHAN AND LEVITE PRIESTS AND THEIR SACRIFICES. AND THEY BOTH WERE UNDER PERSIAN RULE.

    NOW EZRA’S TEMPLE COULD NOT HAVE ANIOTHER TEMPLE AND ANOTHER PRIESTHOOD. THE HEBREW GOD ‘RESTED’ , LIVED IN THE TEMPLE. HOW COULD HE RESIDE IN TWO? SO THEY PETITIONED PERSIA TO DESTOY THIS TEMPLE ON ELEPHANTINE. BUT THE PERSIANS NEEDED THIS JEWISH GARRISON. SO THEY COMPROMISED. THE PERSIANS STATED THAT THE ELPHANTINE TEMPLE ONLY COULD DO GRAIN, NOT ANIMAL, SACRIFICES.

    WHEN THE PERSIANS LOST EGYPT IN 411 BCE, THIS TEMPLE WAS DESTROYED AND THE JEWS LEFT. SOME SAY THEY WENT TO ETHIOPIA AND HAD THE ARK OF THE COVENANT WITH THEM. THIS IS PART OF THE ETHIOPIAN JEWS TRADITION. OTHERS SAY THEY WENT BACK TO JUDEA AND NEVER HAD THE ARK.

    THERE WAS A THIRD TEMPLE THAT EXISTED OUTSIDE OF JERUSALEM.
    THIS TEMPLE WAS 700 MILES NORTH ON THE NILE. AND IT HAS BEEN KNOW TO US FOR NEARLY 2000 YEARS, BUT NOT TAUGHT TO US DURING THE POLITICAL ZIONIST YEARS (FOR ABOUT 100 YEARS). IT IS CLEARLY WRITTEN ABOUT IN THE TALMUD AND BY JOSEPHUS FLAVIOUS. ITS SITE WAS FOUND ONLY 100 YEARS AGO IN 1906 BY PROFESSOR SIR WILLIAM PETRIE AND WAS REPORTED IN THE SAME YEAR IN THE BRITTISH JEWISH CHRONICLE, BUT GOT LOST. IT IS CALLED THE TEMPLE OF ONIAS AT LEONTOPOLIS [HELIOPOLIS) AND DATES TO 200 BCE, AROUND THE STORY OF CHANUKAH.

    AS YOU READ ABOVE, ELEPHANTINE DATES ABOUT 300 YEARS EARLIER.
    JOSEPHUS STATED THE ONIAS TEMPLE WAS SIMILAR TO THAT IN JERUSALEM. HE WRITES OF THIS IN HIS BOOK, THE ANTIQUITIES. BUT IN HIS BOOK, THE WAR OF THE JEWS, HE SAYS ONIAS BUILT THE TEMPLE LIKE A FORTESS WITH A TOWER 60 CUBITS (30 METERS) HIGH.

    ONAIS WAS HONIAH IV DESCENDED FROM SHIMON HA TZADDIK. HE WAS STEPPED OVER BY JASON, FOR THE ROLE OF HIGH PRIEST. JASON WAS A HELLENIZER, WHO TRIED TO REFORM JUDAISM AND JEWS INTO GREEK PAGANISM, WHICH STARTED THE MACCABEAN REVOLT. AS IS TYPICAL IN OUR HISTORY, AND WHAT WE ARE NOT TAUGHT, OUR PROBLEMS DO NOT USUALLY START FROM THE OUTSIDE, BUT USUALLY FROM JEWS, NOT ACTING GODFULLY, IN OUR OWN MIDST. THE TALMUD BAVLI IN TRACTATE BERACOTH 5A TEACHES US THIS.

    IN 170 BCE, KING PTOLOMY IV OF EGYPT, INVITED HONIAH IV TO EGYPT TO AN AREA NORTH OF WHAT IS TODAY’S CAIRO. HIS WIFE WAS CLEOPATRA ONE. DON’T CONFUSE HER WITH CLEOPATRA SEVEN, THE ONE WITH THE NICE ASP. PTOLOMY WANTED HONIAH’S SUPPORT AS THAY GAVE HIM MILITARY CONTROL IN SOUTHERN JUDEA AND HE ALLOWED HONIAH TO BUILD HIS OWN TEMPLE.

    THE TALMUDIC RABBIS GAVE THIS TEMPLE LEGITMACY. WHETHER THEY DID THIS TO UNDERMINE THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM WHICH WAS AGAINST THE NEW TALMUDIC RABBINIC TRADITION AND THEIR NEW RELIGION, NOW CALLED JUDAISM, OR IF THEY BELEIVED THIS TO BE TRUE, IS UP TO DEBATE. THE LEONTODOPOLIS TEMPLE WAS SET UP BY THE SON OF A TRADITIONAL HIGH PRIEST. HE WAS A COHAN. IT FULFILLED THE PROPHECY OF ISAIAH:

    “IN THAT DAY THERE SHALL BE AN ALTAR TO THE LORD IN THE MIDST OF THE LAND OF EGYPT (19:19)”.

    NOW BECAUSE THE BORDER OF PTOLOMY’S REGION ENDED AT MECCA IN ARABIA, AND BECAUSE THE CONTINUATION OF THIS VERSE SAYS

    “AND A PILLAR AT THE BORDER OF THE LAND,”

    PTOLOMY HAD HONIAH BUILD A TEMPLE AT MECCA IN ARABIA CIRCA 170 BCE . THE JEWS BECAME WEALTHY SPICE MERCHANTS THERE. THE JEWISH COMMUNITY THAT LIVED THERE, WAS THE JEWISH COMMUNITY, THAT DID NOT GIVE MUHAMMED SUPPORT WHEN HE WANTED MECCA AND THE KAABA, APROXIMATELY 700 YEARS LATER. THIS CAUSED A RIFT BETWEEN ISLAM AND JUDAISM.

    THE TALMUD RULES THAT A SACRIFICE VOWED IN EGYPT COULD BE REDEEMED AT LEONTOPOLIS, BUT A COHAN PRIEST WHO SERVED IN EGYPT COULD NOT SERVE IN JERUSALEM. HE COULD HOWEVER EAT THE FOOD RESERVED ONLY FOR PRIESTS (TERUMA). THIS IS FOUND IN TALMUD BAVLI TRACTAE MENACHOT 13:10. THIS TEMPLE EXISTED FOR MORE THAN 200 YEARS AND LASTED LONGER THAN EZRAS! THE ROMANS GOT AROUND TO DESTROYING THIS IN 73 CE, THREE YEARS AFTER THEY DESTROYED THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM.

    NOW 30 YEARS AFTER THE TEMPLE WAS DESTOYED IN JERUSALEM, THE NOW JEWS, (AS HEBREWISM WAS GONE) HAD AN INTERESTING OFFER MADE TO THEM BY TRAJAN, BEFORE HE BECAME EMPEROR OF ROME.

    IN 100 CE TRAJAN, WHO WAS FRIENDLY, AS FRIENDLY AS A ROMAN COULD BE, TO THE JEWS, OFFERED THE JEWS, VIA RABBI JOSHUA BEN HANNANYA, PERMISSION WITH ROMAN FUNDS, TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE. THE RABBIS WERE NOT TOO KEEN ON THE IDEA AS THE TEMPLE WENT AGAINST WHAT WOULD NOW BE 600 YEARS OF RABBINIC-TALMUDIC TRADITION. FURTHER, THE SAMARATANS NIXED THIS IDEA TO THE ROMANS, SAYING THAT IF THE JEWS HAD THEIR TEMPLE BACK, THEY WOULD BEGIN TO THINK OF INDEPENDENCE. MANY COMMON JEWS HOWEVER WERE UPSET, AS THEY DIDN’T UNDERSTAND JUDAISM, WHICH REQUIRED PRAYER, GOOD DEEDS, LOVING ONES NEIGHBOR, RETURNING HATE WITH LOVE, AND FOUND IT EASIER TO BE HEBREWS, AND JUST BRING BREAD AND FARM ANIMALS TO PRIESTS, AND GO ABOUT THEIR LIVES.

    BUT NOT THE RABBIS. THEY SAID TO THE MASSES:

    “A lion once tore an animal to pieces and devoured it. A bone stuck in his throat in such a position that he was unable either to swallow it or spit it out. He therefore made an announcement that whosoever would remove the bone from his throat, would be richly rewarded. A stork came along, stuck its long beak into the lion’s throat and after much effort succeeded in extracting the troublesome bone. Upon claiming the promised reward, the lion said to the stork: “You have already received your reward. You had your head in a lion’s mouth and you remained unharmed!”

    RABBI JOSHUA TOLD THE JEWS, BASICALLY,

    ”THANK GOD YOU’RE ALIVE WITH JUDAISM AND TALMUD, AND FORGET ABOUT THE TEMPLE. WHEN GOD WANTS US TO HAVE THE TEMPLE REBUILT, HE WILL SEND US A MESSIAH TO REBUILD IT.” [MIDRASH BERESHITH RABBAH CHAPTER 64] .

    IN 118 CE, HADRIAN, TRYING TO WIN THE GOOD WILL OF HIS JEWISH SUBJECTS, ALLOWS THE JEWS TO RETURN TO JERUSALEM AND TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE. THE RABBIS DO NOT WANT IT. HADRIAN RENEGES.

    IN 138 CE ANTONINUS PIUS ALLOWS THE JEWS TO RETURN TO JERUSALEM. THE RABBIS ADVISE AGAINST REBUILDING THE TEMPLE.

    LATER TRAJAN FELT BETRAYED BY HIS GOOD WILL AND SENT HIS SISTER’S SON HADRIAN TO RULE OVER JUDEA AND TRY TO PUT DOWN BAR KOCHBA’S REBELLION. WHEN HADRIAN FAILED, TRAJAN, BY THEN EMPEROR, SENT GENERAL SEVERUS.

    BAR KOCHBA, DECLARED HIMSELF THE JEWISH MESSIAH, AND EVEN HAD FAMOUS RABBI AKIVA FOLLOWING HIM AS SUCH. HE BEAT HADRIAN’S FORCES AND RE-TOOK JERUSALEM, CIRCA 135 CE. HE HELD JERUSALEM FOR 2 AND ONE HALF YEARS AGAINST ROMAN ASSAULTS. DURING THIS TIME, BY VOX POPULI, AND AGAINST MANY RABBIS WISHES, HE REINSTITUTED TEMPLE PRIESTLY SACRIFICES ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT IN THE RUINS OF WHAT WAS THE TEMPLE OF EZRA.

    TALMUD YERUSHALMI TRACTATE TA’ANIT 4, SAYS:

    Severus destroyed 50 strong places and 985 towns and villages, and there fell 580,000 Jews by the sword, besides the large numbers who were carried off by famine, fire, and the pestilence, and not counting those who were dragged away into foreign lands, and sold as slaves. Near Hebron, four human beings were sold for one seah, about a peck of barley. [“O Lord, behold, and see to whom Thou hast done thus.” Lam. 2:20.] Near Bither lay the dead, in a stretch of 18 mills (13½ English miles), for years without interment, till the reign of the succeeding emperor; because Hadrian would not permit the slain to be buried

    THIS UNFORTUNATE WAR CAUSED THE TOTAL DESTRUCTION OF THE LAND, AND IS CALLED IN TALMUD BAVLI TRACTATE SOTAH 9:14,

    ”POLEMOT HA ACHARON”, ”THE LAST WAR.”

    ACCORDING TO TALMUD YERUSHALMI TRACTATE PEAH 7:

    NOT AN OLIVE TREE COULD BE FOUND IN ALL OF THE LAND. IT WAS TOTAL DESTRUCTION.

    SEVERUS WAS WORSE THAN TITUS. AND OF COURSE, AKIVA FOUND THAT BAR KOCHBA WAS NOT THE JEWISH MESSIAH. AKIVA LOST HIS LIFE ALONG WITH NINE OTHER TALMUDIC SAGES AS MARTYRS TO JUDAISM.

    IN 333 CE, THE EDICT OF MILAN ALLOWS JEWS TO RE BUILD THE TEMPLE. THE RABBIS SPEAK AGAINST THIS IDEA.

    IN 365 CE EMPEROR JULIAN, WHO RULED FROM CONSTANOPLE, BECAME THE THIRD EMPEROR, AFTER CONSTANTINE. CONTSTANTINE CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY ON HIS DEATH BED. JULIAN WAS CALLED ”THE APOSTATE”. THIS IS BECAUSE HE WAS A GREAT FRIEND OF THE JEWS AND WANTED TO DO AWAY WITH THE COUNCIL OF NICEA, OF 325 CE, AND THE TRINITY, AS WELL SUNDAY SABBATH.

    HE WANTED TO ROLL BACK CHRISTIANITY TO WHERE IT WAS WHEN THE EVIONIM [THE POOR, THE HUMBLE, JEWS WHO FOLLOWED RABBI JESUS, BUT DID NOT CONSIDER HIM TO BE ANYTHING MORE EXCEPT TORAH KARAITE JEW], CONTROLLED IT. THE EVIONIM ARE STILL CONSIDERED JEWS TO THIS DAY.

    IN 367 CE HE GAVE THE NASI [PRINCE, HEAD OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITY] OF ISRAEL, WHO WAS RABBI HILLEL THE YOUNGER, THE ORDER TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM. HILLEL THE YOUNGER WAS THE GREAT GRANDSON OF RABBI JUDAH HA NASI. JUDAH HA NASI REDACTED THE MISNA CIRCA 200 CE. HILLEL THE YONGER LIVED IN TIBERIAS, NOT JERUSALEM, AS THAT CITY WAS FORBIDEN TO JEWS, EXCEPT FOR A TISHA B’AV VISIT, YEARLY. [TISHA B’AV IS THE DAY WHEN BOTH TEMPLES WERE DESTROYED…THE FIRST BY THE BABYLONIANS AND THE SECOND BY THE ROMANS].

    “Julian thought to rebuild at an extravagant expense the proud Temple once at Jerusalem, and committed this task to Alypius of Antioch. Alypius set vigorously to work, and was seconded by the governor of the province; when fearful balls of fire, breaking out near the foundations, continued their attacks, till the workmen, after repeated scorching, could approach no more: and he gave up the attempt, but many building were built.”

    BY AMMIANUS MARCELLINUS , A CONTEMPORARY OF JULIAN.

    PREPARATIONS WERE ACTUALLY MADE TO CARRY MORE BUILDING, WHEN JULIAN DIED. JULIAN WAS CONSIDERED AN ANTI- CHRISTIAN AND WORSE, A FRIEND OF THE JEWS, AS HE REPEALED ALL OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES THAT CONTSTANTINE HAD BURDENED AND PUNISHED JEWS WITH, AND ABOLISHED ALL OF CONSTANTINE’S ANTI JEWISH LAWS.
    TO UNDERSTAND THIS IN CONTEXT, AND WHAT YOU WON’T FIND IN CHRISTIAN TEXTS, IS THAT JULAIN WAS MUCH INFLUENCED BY THE 338 CE ‘GREAT SYNOD’ OF MANY FAMOUS CHRISTIAN CLERGY WHO DISCUSSED THE CHARACTER OF JESUS.

    ”ALL AGREED TO DENY HIM ALL DIVINE ATTRIBUTES, AND THAT HE WAS A HUMAN PROPHET AND A JEW TEACHING TALMUDIC JUDAISM.”

    IN ANY EVENT, JULIAN WANTED TO RETURN THE ROMAN EMPIRE TO PAGANISM, AND WHY HE FAVORED THE JEWS, MIGHT BE BECAUSE OF HIS DISLIKE OF CHRISTIANS, WHO HE SAW AS THE JEWS’ ENEMY.

    VALANTINIAN ASCENDED THE THRONE IN 368 CE AND HE WAS ALSO PARTIAL TO THE JEWS. IN 380, HE BEGAN TO BUILD A NEW WALL FOR JERUSALEM, BUT HE DIED THE SAME YEAR.

    THEODOSIUS ”ONE ” STARTED AS EMPEROR IN 380 CE. HE PERSECUTED THE ARIAN CHRISTIANS, WHO BELEIVED IN A MORE HUMAN LIKE VERSION OF JESUS. BUT HE LIKED THE JEWS. HE DECREED TO THE ENTIRE ROMAN EMPIRE THAT JEWS SHOULD HAVE COMPLETE FREEDOM; EXERCISE OF JEWISH RELIGION, AND NO ONE SHOULD GET IN THE WAY OF A JEWISH PERSON’S BUSINESS OR LIFE. BUT HE DIDN’T COMMENCE ANY BUILDING PROJECTS IN JERUSALEM.

    IT WAS DURING THESE ANTI ARIAN RIOTS, THAT THE LIBRARY IN ALEXANDRIA, MORE THAN 600 YEARS OLD, WAS BURNT.

    THEN ARCADIUS STARTED TO RULE IN 395 CE AND HE WAS ALSO GOOD TO THE JEWS.

    THEODOSIUS TWO. STARTED TO RULE IN 412 CE AND WAS VERY CRUEL TO THE JEWS. IN 450 CE HE ORDERED ALL JEWS OUT OF ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT WHICH WAS A GREAT LEARNING CENTER FOR THE JEWS SINCE THE TIME OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT, IF NOT BEFORE. THE ROMANS ALSO EXPELLED JEWS FROM ALEXANDRIA SOME TIME BEFORE AND BURNT THEIR SYNAGOGUES.

    HE RE-INSTATED THE TAXES AND FINES OF CONSTANTINE TO THE JEWS OF ‘PALESTINE’ TO BE COLLECTED BY THE NAZI (THE JEWISH ‘PRINCE’, HEAD OF THE COMMUNITY), AND HE TOOK ALL OF THE TSEDEKAH [CHARITY] COLLECTED FOR THE POOR JEWS, FOR TORAH STUDY, ETC, AND SENT IT TO CONSTANTINOPLE. NOTE THAT AT THIS TIME, THE NAZI FLED TO BABYLON AND DID NOT LIVE IN JUDEA.

    HOWEVER, HIS WIFE, EUDOKIA IN 438 CE GIVES JEWS PERMISSION TO PRAY ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT. AND IN 443 SHE GIVES PERMISSION TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE. BUT NO BUILDING IS DONE. JEWS ARE FIRMLY JEWS AND NOT HEBREWS AT THIS POINT ALTHOUGH THE TALMUD BAVLI IS STILL TAUGHT BY ORAL TRANMISSION. THE YERUSHALMI TALMUD HAS BEEN IN WRITTING FOR 143 YEARS AT THIS POINT.

    IN 512 CE, THE JEWISH EXILARCH RABBI MAR ZUTRA II ESTABLISHES A JEWISH STATE IN PERSIA. HIS CAPITAL IS MAHUZA. IT LASTS 7 YEARS AND IN 520 CE, THE PERSIAN KING KAVAH ONE, CRUCIFIES MAR ZUTRA.

    IN 525 CE JOSEPH ASHER DHU NUWAS, KING OF THE JEWISH KINGDOM OF ARABIA, REVOLTS AGAINST ROME WITH PERSIAN AID.

    IN 528 CE JUSTINIAN THE GREAT BECAME EMPEROR. HE WAS WISE, GOOD, AND GOOD TO THE JEWS. IN 528 THE JEWS AND THE CHRISTIANS HAD A BLOODY MINI- WAR IN CEASAREA IN PALESTINE. THE JEWS KILLED ALMOST EVERY CHRISTIAN. JUSTIANIAN RULED THAT THE JEWS WERE IN THEIR RIGHT AND THEY WERE NOT PUNISHED.

    EMPERIOR MAURICE RULES IN 584. THERE WERE EARTHQUAKES IN THE EAST, INCLUDING ISRAEL. THE BULDINGS THAT JULIAN STARTED TO BUILD ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT ALL FELL DOWN, AND MAURICE SENT JEWISH BUILDERS FROM CONSTANTINOPLE TO JERUSALEM TO RESTORE THEM.

    LASTLY, HERACLIUS BECAME EMPERIOR IN 613. THE PERSIAN ISLAMIC KING KUSARI ATTACKED IN 614. AS JEWS DID OFTEN, THEY CHOSE TO SIDE WITH SOMEONE ATTACKING THOSE CONTROLLING THEM. THE JEWS HELPED KUSARI GAIN TIBERIAS, THE GALILEE AND EVENTUALLY JERUSALEM IN 614. HE BURNT ALL CHRISTAIN CHURCHES AND MONESTARIES AND CARRIED OFF ALL THE CHRISTAIN LEADERS. 20,000 CHRISTIANS LOST THEIR LIVES AND JEWS WERE PART OF THIS IN CHRISTIAN EUROPES’ EYES. HE CONQUERED SYRIA, EGYPT, LEBANON, ETC. IN 614 THE JEWS, WITH ISLAMIC HELP, ATTEMPT TO BUILD A TEMPLE ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT.

    THE JEWS TOOK OVER ISRAEL FOR 8 YEARS AND RAN IT INDEPENDENTLY. KUSARI DID NOT WANT THIS. HE WANTED JEWS AS HIS SUBORDINATE ALLIES. SO HE TURNED AGAINST THE JEWS AND BANNED THEM FROM JERUSALEM.

    HERACLIUS ATTACKED THE ‘HOLY LAND’ AND REGAINED IT. AND THE JEWS PAID A HEAVY PRICE. HE BANNED JEWS FROM ALL OF ISRAEL AND DESTROYED THE BUILDINGS ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT THAT MAURICE ORDERED REPAIRED.

    WHEN IN 622 HERACLIUS RE- TOOK JUDEA HE ALSO KILLED 20,000 JEWS AND LET THEIR BODIES ROT OUTSIDE THE GATES OF JERUSALEM. HE TURNED THE TEMPLE MOUNT INTO PUBLIC LATRINES.

    IN 637 HE LOST CONTROL OF JERUSALEM TO THE MOSLEMS. THE MOSLEMS WHO, FOR THE MOST PART HAD GOOD, BUT UNEVEN RELATIONS WITH THE JEWS, WHO SOMETIMES SUPPORTED THEM AND SOMETIMES DID NOT, FOUND THE LATRINES ON THE MOUNT TO BE EXTREMELY OFFENSIVE. IN 638 A JUDEO-ISLAMIC ALLIANCE BUILDS A WOODEN JEWISH TEMPLE ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT.

    EVENTUALLY CONSTANTINOPLE WOULD FALL TO ISLAM AS WELL.

    IN 614 CE, MUHAMMAD IBN ABD- ALLAH IBN KEDER IBN ISHMAEL EVENTUALLY LIVED IN MEDINA. BY THIS TIME HE HAD TAKEN POSSESSION OF ARABIA. ACCORDING TO JEWISH TRADITION AND NO DISRESPECT IS MADE TO THE PROPHET OR TO HIS ADHERANTS, MUHAMMAD HAD TWO ADVISORS. MEDINA WAS LONG A JEWISH CITY WITH WEALTHY JEWISH MERCHANTS.

    ONE ADVISOR WAS ALLMAN MAM ALI A JEW, THE OTHER WAS TURCHMAN, A CHRISTIAN. WE ALSO KNOW THAT TWO OR MORE OF MUHAMMAD’S WIVES WERE JEWISH WIDOWS. THEIR HUSBANDS FOUGHT AGAINST HIM.

    NOW SOME JEWS, DURING MUHAMMAD’S CHADJRA (FLIGHT OF 621) FOUGHT AGAINST HIM. MUHAMMED DEPENDING ON HOW JEWS BEHAVED TOWARD HIM WAS EITHER UNHAPPY OR HAPPY WITH JEWS. BUT TO MAKE MATTERS WORSE, HE HAD AN ASTROLOGER NAMED BUCHERAN WHO DIDN’T LIKE JEWS AT ALL.

    NOW IN THE RABBINIC TALMUDIC JEWISH COMMUNITY IN BAVEL WAS RABBI SHALLUM. SON OF THE ROSH GALUTA, THE EXILARCH. HUSHIEL. IN 627, HE CAME TO MUHAMMED AND OFFERED HIS LOYALITY AND FOR THE JEWS AS WELL. HE ADVISED MUHAMMED THAT TO DEFEND MEDINA, HE SHOULD BUILD TRENCHES. AND THE BATTLE THAT ENSUED, THAT THE MOSLEMS WON, IS CALLED THE BATTLE OF KHANDAQ [TRENCHES]. SHALLUM GAVE MUHAMMED HIS DAUGHTER FOR A WIFE.

    MUHAMMED MADE RABBI SHALLUM THE GENERAL OF HIS ARMY AND CALLED HIM ABU BACHR AL CHALIVA AL ZADIK. ”FATHER OF THE MAIDEN, DESCENT OF THE RIGHTEOUS.” AND HENCE RABBI SHALLUM AND HIS DAUGHTER SAVED THE JEWS, IN THIS STORY SIMILAR TO ESTHER’S.

    NOW, SHALLUM AND MAM ALI HAD TO GET RID OF BUCHERIN. SO AT A PARTY, ALL THREE PLUS MUHAMMED WERE DRUNK AND FELL ASLEEP. BUT MAM ALI AND SHALLUM ONLY DRANK A LITTLE. THEY TOOK MUHAMMED’S SWORD AND CUT OFF BUCHARIN’S HEAD. WHEN THE THREE AWOKE, MUHAMMED SAID WHOEVER WHO HAS BLOOD ON HIS SWORD IN THE MURDERER. THEY FOUND DRIED BLOOD ON MUHAMMED’S SWORD. MUHAMMED RULED THAT WINE WAS THE MURDERDER AND BANNED WINE IN ISLAM.

    RABBI SHALLUM CONQUERED 60 CITIES FOR MUHAMMED AND BECAME HEAD OF ISLAM, STILL A JEW, FOR TWO YEARS, WHEN MUHAMMED DIED, IN 625. WHEN RABBI SHALLUM DIED, OMAR IBN KATAK BECAME THE HEAD.

    IN OMAR’S TENTH YEAR HE TOOK JERUSALEM IN 637 CE.
    IN 640, BECAUSE OF THE HELP OF JEWS IN PERSIA AND BABYLON TO ISLAM, AND THE INDIFFERENCE OR FIGHTING AGAINST ISLAM BY THE JEWS OF JUDEA AND PARTS OF ARABIA, MUSLIMS RECOGNIZE BABYLONIAN JEWISH LAW.

    UNDER ISLAMIC RULE, THE HEADS OF TWO PRINCIPLE ACADEMIES OF BABYLONIAN JEWRY ARE RECOGNIZED BY THE EXILARCH IN BABYLON. THROUGH THE EXALARCH, VIA THE MUSLIM CALIPHATE AS THE FINAL ARBITERS, JEWISH LAW IS DECIDED.

    THE RELIGIOUS HEADS OF ALL JEWISH COMMUNITIES UNDER MUSLIM RULE ARE TO FOLLOW IN THIS MANNER. THUS THE BABYLONIAN TALMUD, PUT INTO WRITING CIRCA 500 CE, CAME TO REPLACE THE TALMUD YERUSHALMI , PUT INTO WRITING IN 300 CE.

    BAVLI BECOMES NORMATIVE JUDAISM. THIS IS IMPORTANT AS ISLAM SPREADS THROUGH OUT NOT ONLY PERSIA AND BABYLONIA, WHERE THE TALMUD BAVLI ALREADY IS THE WAY FOR JUDAISM, BUT WHEN ISLAM SPREADS TO NORTH AFRICA AND EVENTUALLY INTO SPAIN, GREECE, AND WHAT WAS YUGOSLAVIA.

    WHEN JEWS LEAVE THERE DUE TO INQUISTIONS AND EXPULSIONS ETC, THEY TAKE THEIR TALMUD BAVLI WITH THEM INTO GERMANY, POLAND AND WESTERN AND NORTHERN EUROPE. THEY TEACH IT TO JEWS WHO HAD MOVED THERE CENTURIES BEFORE WITH THE ROMAN ARMIES AND HAD KNOWLEDGE OF THE TALMUD YERUSHALMI.

    IN 691 CE ABD AL-MAL CONSTRUCTED THE DOME OF THE ROCK. PART OF THIS MOSQUE’S PRAYER RAILING HAS THE REMAINS OF SOLOMON’S TEMPLE.

    TALMUD BAVLI TRACTATE YOMA 5:2 REFERS TO THE ”EBEN SHETIVAH”, THE FOUNDATION STONE. IT IS A LARGE, ROUND WHITE STONE, 30 FEET IN CIRCUMFERENCE. IT IS COVERED IN A RED CLOTH OF SATIN. IT IS HELD TO THE FLOOR ON ONE SIDE AND IS PROPPED UP ON THE OTHER WITH PIECES OF WOOD. BENEATH IT THE SOIL IS DUG AWAY ABOUT TEN FEET. YOMA 5:2 SAYS IT WAS ELEVATED 3 FINGERS WIDE ABOVE THE FLOOR, WHICH IS PROOF THAT THE MUSLEMS DUG DOWN TEN FEET INTO THE TEMPLE MOUNT’S FLOOR.

    IN SUMMATION: THE FOLLOWING CAN BE GLEANED FROM THIS ESSAY:

    1. JERUSALEM WAS NOT THE ONLY PLACE WHERE HEBREWS OR JEWS HAD ESTABLISHED TEMPLES FOR SACRIFICE BY THEIR PRIESTS. WE KNOW OF TWO IN EGYPT AND ONE IN ARABIA. WE KNOW THAT TWO EXISTED SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR 100 YEARS.

    2. WE KNOW THAT JUDAISM IS NOT TEMPLE OR SACRIFICE ORIENTED.

    3. WE KNOW THAT MANY OFFERS WERE MADE TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE, AND WHEN THE RABBIS WERE IN CHARGE, THEY WERE NOT FOR IT.

    4. WE HAVE SEEN MANY TIMES WHEN CHRISTIANS AND MOSLEMS RULED JERUSALEM, ATTEMPTS WERE MADE BY THEM, BASED ON THEIR THEOLOGY, TO HAVE THE TEMPLE REBUILT. THEY ALWAYS FAILED.

    5. WE HAVE SEEN THAT THE STATEMENT THAT ”JEWS FOR 2000 YEARS SINCE THE ROMANS DESTROYED THE TEMPLE IN 70 CE HAVE NOT BEEN ALLOWED TO PRAY OR LIVE IN JERUSALEM OR JUDEA” TO BE UNTRUE.

    6. WE HAVE SEEN STATEMENTS THAT JEWS HAVE NOT HAD AN INDEPENDENT STATE SINCE 70 CE TO BE UNTRUE.

    WE HAVE SEEN TWO INSTANCES WERE JEWS HAVE RE-TAKEN JUDEA, ONCE FOR 2.5 YEARS AND ONCE FOR 8 YEARS. WE HAVE SEEN JEWS RUN THEIR OWN KINGDOMS IN BOTH ARABIA AND IN A PART OF PERSIA. (THERE ARE OTHER INSTANCES AS WELL, INCLUDING THE JEWISH STATE OF THE KHAZARS, REPORTED FIRST BY RABBI JUDAH HA LEVI, OF SPAIN IN 1100, AND THE SOVIET STATE JEWISH RUN STATE CALLED THE JEWISH AUTOMOMOUS OBLAST, WITH ITS CAPITAL OF BIROBIDZHAN. IT IS ON THE MONGOLIAN BORDER WITH RUSSIA. Евре́йская автоно́мная о́бласть (Russian) ייִדישע אווטאָנאָמע געגנYIDDISH]

    7.WE HAVE SEEN WHERE JEWS HAVE GOTTEN ALONG WITH PAGAN ROMANS, CHRISTIANS AND MOSLEMS, AND HAVE SEEN WHERE JEWS HAVE NOT.

    THIS IS NOT MEANT TO BE AN EXHAUSTIVE HISTORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE VIS A VIS WORLD HISTORY FOR A SPAN OF MORE THAN 1000 YEARS. THIS IS JUST A BIT OF INFORMATION, SO THAT WE CAN BE BETTER JEWS, KNOWLEDGABLE JEWS, AND GET RID OF OUR PREJUDICES BROUGHT ON BY MISINFORMATION. SOME OF THIS MISINFORMATION HAS BEEN GIVEN TO US BY WELL MEANING PEOPLE, ON OUR BIMAHS, AS FOR SOME REASON, THEY THINK AS NOT ABLE TO COMPREHEND AS ESSAY OR LECTURE OF THIS LENGTH.

    By Rabbi Dr. Arthur Segal

    ABOUT RABBI DR. ARTHUR SEGAL
    Rabbi Dr. Arthur Segal’s love of Judaism and his Ahavath Israel led him on his personal quest for Jewish Spiritual Renewal, beginning his studies after retirement from a successful oral medicine practice. Rabbi Arthur Segal graduated cum laude with BA and DMD degrees, Oral Medicine Specialty, and Post-Doctoral studies in Psychology all from the University of Pennsylvania in the 1970s. He is an author in these chosen fields.
    He was ordained a Rabbi with Semikah after ten years of intensive study, and was the first to bring weekly Torah and Mishna classes to one of the oldest synagogues in America where he held the position of Scholar-in-Residence for a year.
    Rabbi Arthur Segal is an author of internationally acclaimed books and essays on Jewish Renewal, Mussar, Ethics, and Torah and Talmud.
    Rabbi Arthur Segal teaches classes on Jewish Spiritual Renewal and The Spiritual and Ethical Teachings of the Torah, TaNaK and Talmud in free on-line classes.(sign up). He teaches Torah, Talmud, Midrash and other great texts, such as Duties of the Heart by Ibn Pakudah of 1050 C.E. Spain, to adults in his hometown or via telephone conferencing.
    Rabbi Dr. Arthur Segal does rabbinic counseling using the step-by-step process of Jewish Spiritual Renewal to help his fellow Jews achieve a spiritual life.
    RabbiASegal@aol.com

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