* A tried and tested pattern of conduct for over 1300 years. As Islamic as Muhammad himself.
Islamic leader: Jewish Temple “never existed”
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Note also this Sheikh’s blood libel. “Arab leader denies temple ever existed,” from theÂ Jerusalem Post
Bulletin Â Sep. 25, 2008 Palestinian Media Watch
PA TV video:
There never has been a Jewish Temple
– never will be!
Defend the Al-Aqsa Mosque against Israel
“Oh [Sons of] Zion, no matter how much you dig
and no matter how much you destroy,
your imaginary Temple will not come into being”
by Itamar Marcus and Barbara CrookÂ Palestinian Media Watch
p:+972 2 625 4140 e: email@example.com
f: +972 2 624 2803 w: www.pmw.org.il
A music video currently broadcast on Palestinian Television denies anyÂ
historical connection between the Jewish people and Jerusalem: “Oh [Sons of]Â
Zion, no matter how much you dig and no matter how much you destroy, yourÂ
imaginary Temple will not come into being”. The repeated refrain, “Al-AqsaÂ
is ours,” is meant to emphasize this statement, as the Al-Aqsa mosque isÂ
built on the site of the Temple, destroyed in the year 70 during Israel’sÂ
revolt against the Roman Empire.
The video images focus on the Al-Aqsa Mosque and praying Muslims, andÂ
together with the lyrics repeat the Palestinian fabrication that Israel isÂ
planning to destroy the Al-Aqsa Mosque and therefore it needs protection:Â
“Oh God, protect Al-Aqsa, Oh Allah, Al-Aqsa is ours, [protect Al-Aqsa] fromÂ
every thief and every oppressor.”
PA TV (Fatah) Sep. 23, 2008
The clip includes pictures to identify the “thief and oppressor” – JewsÂ
wearing skullcaps, Israeli police and military, Israeli excavations of OldÂ
Jerusalem, the Israeli flag, and the Western Wall. The clip sings forÂ
another Saladin, the Muslim conqueror of Jerusalem in 1187, to appear: “HowÂ
you [Al-Aqsa] suffer! How you have bled for years! How you scream! How youÂ
call out to the millions! What are you hoping for, who are you crying for?Â
The video was broadcast this week on Palestinian TV, the same day that aÂ
Jerusalem Arab injured 20 Israelis in a terror attack in Jerusalem. PA TV,Â
which is under the authority of PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas, and Hamas TV haveÂ
shown this clip intermittently during the last 18 months, and it constitutesÂ
part of a prolonged hate campaign against Israel. The campaign denies theÂ
historical fact of the connection between the Jewish people, Jerusalem andÂ
the Temple Mount, while infusing hatred and fear by pretending that Islam’sÂ
holy site, as well as its adherents, are in great danger.
These are the complete words of the song:
“Al-Aqsa [Mosque] is ours, Oh Muslims, Al-Aqsa is ours, our Al-Aqsa screamsÂ
and shouts, Al-Aqsa is ours. Oh Arabs and Muslims, no, no, Al-Aqsa is ours.Â
Oh [Sons of] Zion, no matter how much you dig and no matter how much youÂ
destroy, your imaginary Temple will not come into being, Al-Aqsa is ours.Â
Al-Aqsa is ours, Oh Muslims, Al-Aqsa is ours. My land, my Jerusalem, myÂ
blood and my honor will not be scorned. Al-Aqsa is ours, how you suffer! HowÂ
you have bled for years! How you scream! How you call out to the millions!Â
What are you hoping for, who are you crying for? Saladin [Muslim conquerorÂ
of Jerusalem in 1187] ! Al-Aqsa is ours. Oh Lord, protect Al-Aqsa, Oh Allah,Â
Al-Aqsa is ours, [protect Al-Aqsa] from every thief and every oppressor. OhÂ
Allah, Al-Aqsa is ours. Al-Aqsa is ours, Oh Muslims, Al-Aqsa is ours.”
[PA TV (Fatah) Sep. 23, 2008]
The myth of al-Aqsa
Holiness of Jerusalem to Islam has always been politically motivated
When the Prophet Mohammad established Islam, he introduced a minimum of innovations. He employed the hallowed personages, historic legends and sacred sites of Judaism and Christianity, and even paganism, by Islamizing them.
Thus, according to Islam, Abraham was the first Muslim and Jesus and St. John (the sons of Miriam, sister of Moses and Aron) were prophets and guardians of the second heaven. Many Biblical legends (“asatir al-awwalin”,) which were familiar to the pagan Arabs before the dawn of Islam, underwent an Islamic conversion, and the Koran as well as the Hadith (the Islamic oral tradition), are replete with them.
Islamization was practiced on places as well as persons: Mecca and the holy stone – al-Ka’bah – were holy sites of the pre-Islamic pagan Arabs. The Umayyad Mosque in Damascus and the Great Mosque of Istanbul were erected on the sites of Christian-Byzantine churches – two of the better known examples of how Islam treats sanctuaries of other faiths.
Jerusalem, too, underwent the process of Islamization: at first Muhammad attempted to convince the Jews near Medina to join his young community, and, by way of persuasion, established the direction of prayer (kiblah) to be to the north, towards Jerusalem, in keeping with Jewish practice; but after he failed in this attempt he turned against the Jews, killed many of them, and directed the kiblah southward, towards Mecca.
Muhammad’s abandonment of Jerusalem explains the fact that this city is not mentioned even once in the Koran. After Palestine was occupied by the Muslims, its capital was Ramlah, 30 miles to the west of Jerusalem, signifying that Jerusalem meant nothing to them.
Islam rediscovered Jerusalem 50 years after Mohammad’s death. In 682 CE, Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr rebelled
against the Islamic rulers in Damascus, conquered Mecca and prevented pilgrims from reaching Mecca for the Hajj. Abd al-Malik, the Umayyad Calif, needed an alternative site for the pilgrimage and settled on Jerusalem which was then under his control. In order to justify this choice, a verse from the Koran was chosen (17,1 = sura 17, verse,) which states (translation by Majid Fakhri):
“Glory to Him who caused His servant to travel by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Farthest Mosque, whose precincts We have blessed, in order to show him some of Our Signs, He is indeed the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. “
The meaning ascribed to this verse is that “the furthest mosque” (al-masgid al-aqsa) is in Jerusalem and that Mohammad was conveyed there one night (although at that time the journey took three days by camel,) on the back of al-Buraq, a magical horse with the head of a woman, wings of an eagle, the tail of a peacock, and hoofs reaching to the horizon. He tethered the horse to the Western Wall of the Temple Mount and from there ascended to the seventh heaven together with the angel Gabriel. On his way he met the prophets of other religions who are the guardians of heaven.
Thus Islam tries to gain legitimacy over other, older religions, by creating a scene in which the former prophets agree to Mohammad’s mastery, thus making him Khatam al-Anbiya (“the Seal of the Prophets”.)
Not surprisingly, this miraculous account contradicts a number of the tenets of Islam: How can a living man of flesh and blood ascend to heaven? How can a mythical creature carry a mortal to a real destination? Questions such as these have caused orthodox Muslim thinkers to conclude that the nocturnal journey was a dream of Mohammad’s. The journey and the ascent serves Islam to “go one better” than the Bible: Moses “only” went up to Mount Sinai, in the middle of nowhere, and drew close to heaven, whereas Mohammad went all the way up to Allah, and from Jerusalem itself.
What are the difficulties with the belief that the al-Aqsa mosque described in Islamic tradition is located in Jerusalem? For one, the people of Mecca, who knew Muhammad well, did not believe this story. Only Abu Bakr, (later the first Calif,) believed him and thus was called al-Siddiq (“the believer”.)
The second difficulty is that Islamic tradition tells us that al-Aqsa mosque is near Mecca on the Arabian Peninsula. This was unequivocally stated in “Kitab al-Maghazi,” a book by the Muslim historian and geographer al-Waqidi. According to al-Waqidi, there were two “masjeds” (places of prayer) in al-Gi’irranah, a village between Mecca and Ta’if – one was “the closer mosque” (al-masjid al-adna) and the other was “the further mosque” (al-masjid al-aqsa,) and Muhammad would pray there when he went out of town.
This description by al-Waqidi which is supported by a chain of authorities (isnad) was not “convenient” for the Islamic propaganda of the 7th Century. In order to establish a basis for the awareness of the “holiness” of Jerusalem in Islam, the Califs of the Ummayad dynasty invented many “traditions” upholding the value of Jerusalem, which would justify pilgrimage to Jerusalem for the faithful Muslims. Thus was al-Masjid al-Aqsa “transported” to Jerusalem. It should be noted that Saladin also adopted the myth of al-Aqsa and those “traditions” in order to recruit and inflame the Muslim warriors against the Crusaders in the 12th Century.
Must Judaism defer to Islamic myths?
Another aim of the Islamization of Jerusalem was to undermine the legitimacy of the older religions, Judaism and Christianity, which consider Jerusalem to be a holy city. Islam is presented as the only legitimate religion, destined to replace the other two, because they had changed and distorted the Word of God, each in its turn.
Though Judaism and Christianity can exist side by side in Jerusalem, Islam regards both of them as betrayals of Allah and his teachings, and has always done, and will continue to do, all in its power to expel both of them from this city. It is interesting to note that this expulsion is retroactive: The Islamic broadcasters of the Palestinian radio stations consistently make it a point to claim that the Jews never had a temple on the Temple Mount and certainly not two temples. (Where, then, according to them, did Jesus preach?)
Yasser Arafat, himself a secular person (ask Hamas!), did exactly what the Califs of the Umayyad dynasty did 1300 years ago: He marshaled the holiness of Jerusalem to serve his political ends. He must not have given control of Jerusalem over to the Jews since according to Islam they are impure and the wrath of Allah is upon them.
Moreover, the Jews are the sons of monkeys and pigs. The Jews are those who distorted the holy writings which were revealed to them and denied God’s signs. Since they violated the covenant with their God, He cursed them and they are forever the inheritors of hell. So how could Arafat hand over Jerusalem to the Jews?
The Palestinian media these days are full of messages of Jihad, calling to broaden the national-political war between Israel and the Palestinians into a religious-Islamic war between Jews and Muslims. For them, Christianity is no better than Judaism, since both “forfeited” their right to rule over Jerusalem. Only Islam – Din al-Haqq (“the Religion of Truth”) – has this right, and forever.
Since the holiness of Jerusalem to Islam has always been, and still is, no more than a politically motivated holiness, any Muslim leader or ruler would be putting his political head on the block should he give it up.
Must Judaism and Christianity defer to myths related in Islamic texts or envisioned in Mohammad’s dreams, long after Jerusalem was established as the ancient, true center of these two religions, which preceded Islam?
Should Israel give up on its capital just because some Muslims decided to recycle the political problems of the Umayyads 1250 years after the curtain came down on their role in history?
Dr. Mordechai KedarÂ is a lecturer at Bar-Ilan University’s eptartment of Arabic