At the Cathedral of Cordoba, Spain, Muslim prayer service was allowed during a conference of Arab officials and their allies in Europe. Catholic priests were present at the conference.
I came across a State DepartmentÂ memoÂ from the U.S. embassy in Madrid , dated September 19, 1974 (1974 Madrid 05880), declassified June 30, 2005. This document reveals that the U.S. was fully aware of the advent of “Eurabia,” precisely as self-characterized in an official European socio-political journal bearing the titleEurabia.Â It seems serendipitous in the midst ofÂ Geert Â Wilders’ visit to the U.S. warning of the consequences of Europe’s ongoingÂ Islamization.
EurabiaÂ was the title of a journal published in theÂ mid-1970sÂ by the European Committee for the Coordination of Friendship Associations with the Arab World.Â Eurabia’s editor was LucienÂ Bitterlin, president of the Association of Franco-Arab Solidarity; the journal was published jointly by Euro-Arab associations in London, Paris, and Geneva .Â Â EurabiaÂ served as a Euro-ArabDialogueÂ mouthpiece.
The formal Euro-ArabÂ DialogueÂ (EAD) created an alphabet soup of European Community — and, later, European Union — funded organizations charged with planning joint political, cultural, social, industrial, commercial, and technical-scientific projects.Â It also rapidly spawned a European Parliamentary Association for Euro-Arab Cooperation, whose members represented a broad spectrum of European Community political groups.Â Biannual Euro-Arab Parliamentary meetings convened alternately in Europe and the Arab nations.Â Roughly 100 European and Arab members of their respective parliaments attended, along with observers from the European Community/European Union Commission, the Arab League, and other international organizations.
During an initial meeting in Damascus , September 14-17, 1974, the Arab delegates established their political preconditions for economic agreements with Western Europe , specifically demanding:
1. Israel ‘s unconditional withdrawal to the 1949 armistice lines
2. Arab sovereignty over the Old City of Jerusalem
3. Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) participation (lead byÂ YasserÂ Arafat), in any negotiations
4. European Community pressure on the United States to detach it from Israel and bring its policies closer to those of the Arab states
The September 19, 1974 State Department memo (1974 Madrid 05880) refers to a parallel meeting that took place in Cordoba September 12-16, 1974, as it notes, “one-time capital of [the] caliphate of Cordoba,Â and one of [the] most historic centers of [the] Moorish legacy in Spain.” Emphasizing the unique nature of thisCordobanÂ conference, the memo provides these summary details regarding the attendees:
THIS CONFERENCE, REPORTEDLY FIRST EVER HELD OF ITS KIND, WAS ATTENDED BY NUMEROUS MEMBERS OF THE SPANISH CLERGY AND PRESIDED OVER BY BISHOPÂ CIRARDAÂ OF CORDOBA , AND WAS ALSO ATTENDED BY CERTAIN FOREIGN CATHOLIC CLERGY RESIDENT IN ARAB COUNTRIES, NOTABLY CARDINAL DUVAL OF ALGIERS AND THE BISHOP OFORANÂ .Â GOSÂ WAS REPRESENTED BY DIRECTORS GENERAL FROM MFA [Ministry of Foreign Affairs?] AND MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND TOURISM, AND PROVINCE AND CITY OF CORDOBA WERE REPRESENTED BY SOME OF THEIR PRINCIPAL LOCAL OFFICIALS. ARAB COUNTRIES REPRESENTED AT CONFERENCE INCLUDED EGYPT, ALGERIA ,Â LEBANNON[sic], IRAQ , SAUDI ARABIA , AND JORDAN . THERE REPORTEDLY ALSO WAS A PALESTINIAN DELEGATION PRESENT. MOST HIGH RANKING DELEGATE TO ATTEND THE CONFERENCE WAS DR.Â ABDELÂ AZIZÂ KAMEL, WHO IS BOTH VICEÂ PRESÂ AND MINISTER OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS IN EGYPT . THE IMPORTANT EGYPTIAN DELEGATION ALSO INCLUDED AN EGYPTIAN CHRISTIAN PARLIAMENTARIAN, ALBERTÂ BARSOUM, WHO ALSO REPORTEDLY HAS MINISTERIAL RANK IN EGYPTIANÂ GOVT. MANY ARAB DELEGATIONS WERE HEADED BY THEIR COUNTRIES’ AMBASSADORS IN MADRID.
And what is described as the “emotional and symbolic highlight of the conference” occurred on September 13, 1974:
WHEN MOSLEM CONFEREES WERE ALLOWED TO HOLD MOSLEM PRAYER SERVICE IN CORDOBA ‘S FAMED MOSQUE-CATHEDRAL. THIS WAS REPORTEDLY FIRST TIME IN SEVEN CENTURIES, I.E., SINCE 1236 [the] WHEN HUGE CORDOBA MOSQUE WAS CONVERTED INTO CHRISTIAN CATHEDRAL IN WAKE OFÂ CASTILLIANÂ RECONQUESTÂ OF CITY, THAT A MOSLEM PRAYER SERVICE HAS BEEN HELD IN CORDOBA’S MOSQUE TURNED CATHEDRAL.
Unfortunately, the State Department analyst omits the fact that the “mosque turned cathedral” had simply been restored to a cathedral as a result of theÂ 13thcenturyÂ CastillianÂ reconquest. Here isÂ ReinhartÂ Dozy’sÂ historical account of the priorÂ mid-8thÂ century “conversion” of thisÂ CordobanÂ cathedral to a mosque, resulting from the jihad conquest andÂ brutal subjugation of the Iberian peninsula :
Â All the churches in that city [ Cordoba ] had been destroyed except the cathedral, dedicated to Saint Vincent , but the possession of thisÂ faneÂ [church or temple] had been guaranteed by treaty. For several years the treaty was observed; but when the population of Cordova was increased by the arrival of Syrian Arabs [i.e., Muslims], the mosques did not provide sufficient accommodation for the newcomers, and the Syrians considered it would be well for them to adopt the plan which had been carried out at Damascus,Â Emesa[Homs], and other towns in their own country, of appropriating half of the cathedral and using it as a mosque. The [Muslim] Government having approved of the scheme, the Christians were compelled to hand over half of the edifice. This was clearly an act of spoliation, as well as an infraction of the treaty. Some years later,Â Abd-erÂ RahmanÂ I requested the Christians to sell him the other half. This they firmly refused to do, pointing out that if they did so they would not possess a single place of worship.Â Abd-erÂ Rahman, however, insisted, and a bargain was struck by which the Christians ceded their cathedral.
However, to the analyst’s credit, s/he is fully cognizant of the politicization of the so-called “Palestinian question,” noting “a marked bias for the Arab viewpoint,” in the Conference’s conclusion, which states the group,
“SUPPORTS THE JUST HUMAN AND NATIONAL RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE, CONSIDERS THE PALESTINIAN LIBERATION ORGANIZATION AS THEIR SOLE LEGAL REPRESENTATIVE. AFFIRMS THE ARAB CHARACTER OF THE CITY OF JERUSALEM AND REJECTS ALL PROPOSALS TOÂ JUDAIZEÂ OR INTERNATIONALIZE THE CITY, CONDEMNS THE AGGRESSIONS WHICH THE ISRAELI OCCUPATION AUTHORITIES COMMIT AGAINST THE PEOPLES AND HOLY PLACES OF MOSLEMS AND CHRISTIANS, CALLS FOR THE LIBERATION OF ALL THOSE DETAINED, SUPPORTS THE JUST STRUGGLE OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE, AND DEMANDS LIBERATION OF ALL ARAB OCCUPIED LANDS.”
The State Department memo concludes that indeed this biased viewpoint — fully concordant with the Islam’s jihadÂ supremacismÂ — was the most salient feature of the Conference:
IT [the Conference] WAS USED TO PROMOTE ARAB POLITICAL LINE WITH RESPECT TO PALESTINE, INCLUDING RECOGNITION OF PLO AS SOLE REPRESENTATIVE OF PALESTINIANS AND REJECTION OF EITHER INTERNATIONALIZATION OF JERUSALEM OR ITS ABSORPTION BY ISRAEL.GOS [Government of Spain], IN KEEPING WITH ITS MARKED PRO-ARAB POSTURE ON MIDDLE EAST AND PALESTINE, PROBABLY BELIEVES IT WILL BE ABLE TO GET FURTHER MILEAGE AT SLIGHT EXPENSE FOR ITSPROARABÂ POLICY BY HELPING TO SPONSOR THIS CONFERENCE IN SPAIN AND BY HAVING ALLOWED A STRONGLY ANTI-ISRAELI TONE IN THE CONFERENCE’S CONCLUSIONS. THOSEÂ CONSLUTIONS, HOWEVER, DO NOT ACCORD FULLY WITH SPAIN ‘S OFFICIALÂ POLITIONÂ (REFLECTING THAT OF THE VATICAN ) IN FAVOR OF SOME FORM OF INTERNATIONAL REGIME FOR THE HOLY PLACES OF JERUSALEM . IT ALSO UNCLEAR WHY CATHOLIC CLERGY ATTENDING ACQUIESCED IN CONFERENCE’S PRO-ARAB POLITICAL CONCLUSIONS.
Thus, nearly four decades ago, our own State Department was fully aware of theEurabianÂ project BatÂ Ye’orÂ has subsequently elucidated in painstaking detail. Such independently confirmatory U.S. evidence underscores the intellectual and moral obtuseness of those who spray charges of “conspiracism” at BatÂ Ye’or, and worse still, viciously attackÂ GeertÂ Wilders, the most courageous European political leader resisting the abhorrent, dystopian endgame ofÂ Eurabia’sÂ fanatical promulgators.
Dr. AndrewÂ BostomÂ is the author ofÂ IslamicÂ AntisemitismÂ Â and the forthcoming Sharia versus Freedom: The Legacy of Islamic Totalitarianism.