* Here he takes on an egregious example from a genre of loaded comparisons, this one made by Amartya Sen, the Nobel laureate economist, in his recent book Identity and Violence. Sen has the temerity to proclaim, “…the Jewish Philosopher Maimonides was forced to emigrate from an intolerant Europe in the twelfth century, he found a tolerant refuge in the Arab world.”
* Bullshit on stilts!
Sen’s ahistorical drivel aside, Maimonides (b. 1135, in Cordova) was but thirteen years old (in 1148) when Muslim Cordova fell into the hands of the particularly fanatical Berber Muslim Almohads, who invaded the Iberian peninsula from North Africa. Maimonides and all the dhimmi Jews in Cordova were compelled to choose between Islam and exile. Choosing the latter course, Maimonides and his family for twelve years subsequently led a nomadic life, wandering across Spain. By 1160 they crossed the Mediterranean, and settled at Fez, Morocco (also under Almohad control) where, unknown to the authorities, they hoped to pass as Muslims, while living as crypto-Jews. Maimonides’ dual life, however, became increasingly dangerous as his reputation was steadily growing, and the authorities began to inquire into the religious disposition of this highly gifted young man. He was even charged by an informer with the crime of having relapsed (apostasized) from Islam, and, but for the intercession of the poet and theologian Abu al-‘Arab al Mu’ishah, a Muslim friend, he would have suffered the fate of his colleague Judah ibn Shoshan, who had shortly before been executed on a similar charge. Given these precarious circumstances, Maimonides’ family left Fez, embarking in 1165 to Acre, then to Jerusalem, and on to Fostat (Cairo), where they settled, living once again as dhimmis, albeit under more tolerant Fatimid rule.
The jihad depredations of the Almohads (1130-1232) wreaked enormous destruction on both the Jewish and Christian populations in Spain and North Africa. A contemporary Judeo-Arabic account by Solomon Cohen (which comports with Arab historian Ibn Baydhaq’s sequence of events), from January 1148 C.E, described the Muslim Almohad conquests in North Africa, and Spain, as follows:
Abd al-Mumin…the leader of the Almohads after the death of Muhammad Ibn Tumart the Mahdi …captured Tlemcen [in the Maghreb] and killed all those who were in it, including the Jews, except those who embraced Islam…[In Sijilmasa] One hundred and fifty persons were killed for clinging to their [Jewish] faith…All the cities in the Almoravid [dynastic rulers of North Africa and Spain prior to the Almohads] state were conquered by the Almohads. One hundred thousand persons were killed in Fez on that occasion, and 120,000 in Marrakesh. The Jews in all [Maghreb] localities [conquered]…groaned under the heavy yoke of the Almohads; many had been killed, many others converted; none were able to appear in public as Jews…Large areas between Seville and Tortosa [in Spain] had likewise fallen into Almohad hands.
Moses Maimonides was a great many things, but he certainly was not a soldier of Allah, even though Muslims would make believe that he was. He wasn’t.
Neither did Muslims invent the wheel, aeronautics, arts or medicine or anything useful: Islam produces nothing, Islam stifles mental growth and if you don’t believe it go to any Muslim country and see it for yourself.
And Al Bebeeceera is jubilant:
It is more than 500 years since the Spanish reconquered the Iberian peninsula, killing or expelling every confessed Muslim who could be found and conclusively ending 800 years of Islamic rule.
But on Thursday, a muezzin is calling Spanish Muslims to prayer at the first mosque to be opened in Granada since the reconquista, the culmination of a 22-year-old project that has been plagued by controversy.
* Planners were forced to rethink the height of the minaret
For those who built the Great Mosque of Granada, which looks out onto the once highly symbolic Alhambra Palace, its inauguration – attended by a string of Muslim and non-Muslim dignitaries – heralds a new dawn for the faith in Europe.
“The mosque is a symbol of a return to Islam among the Spanish people and among indigenous Europeans that will break with the malicious concept of Islam as a foreign and immigrant religion in Europe,” says Abdel Haqq Salaberria, a spokesman for the mosque and convert to Islam.
“It will act as a focal point for the Islamic revival in Europe.”
It is precisely this which has caused some discomfort among the local population, but it appears that the mosque’s insistence on harmonious co-existence has gone some way towards calming fears.
At a time when the Islamic faith is viewed with some suspicion within Europe, Spanish Muslims are hoping to remind the continent of the vast cultural and intellectual contribution made by the Moors, to “art and architecture, astronomy, music, medicine, science, and learning.”
* This kind of mental flatulence is endemic at the beep, where the green-red-brown convergence of progressives kowtows to Muhammedan infil-traitors who call the shots.
“It will act as a focal point for the Islamic revival in Europe “
Abdel Haqq Salaberria
* For sure. Another Trojan horse behind enemy lines…
Their rule is also seen by some historiansÂ Islamic apologists as an example of religious tolerance in medieval Europe.
The Moorish period in southern Spain saw Muslims and Jews living side-by-side. The city of Cordoba became a cultural centre for both faiths, while universities sprang up in cities across Andalucia. Trade and industry also flourished.
The new mosque intends to offer a series of courses on subjects such as education, law and medicine, as well as Arabic language classes, and is planning on issuing its own degree in science to European Muslims.
The mosque and its extensive gardens will also be open to the public.
It will serve as a spiritual home to 500 Spanish Muslims, the majority of whom have converted to the faith in the course of the last 30 years.
It has taken a long time to get this far.
The land on which the mosque has been built was bought 22 years ago, but city authorities continually objected to the planning proposals.
When it was finally accepted that the land could be used for religious purposes, objections were raised to the layout of the building.
Planners had to rethink the height and design of the building’s minaret.
But opposition to the scheme, which received financial backing from Libya, the United Arab Emirates and Morocco, gradually subsided.
The mayor, a member of Spain’s ruling right-wing party, will attend Thursday’s inauguration.
The king of Spain was also offered an invitation.
But “prior engagements” meant he was unable to accept.
The Qur’an presupposes that the true text of the Bible is available in Muhammad’s day: see 2:40-42, 126, 136, and 285; 3:3, 71, and 93; 4:47 and 136; 5:47-51, 69, and 71-72; 6:91; 10:37 and 94; 21:7; 29:45-46; 35:31; and 46:11.
However, it also says that the “transgressors” — who are clearly Jews from the context, since it is talking about Moses etc. — “changed the word from that which had been given them” (2:59).
Also: “Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands, and then say: ‘This is from Allah,’ to traffic with it for miserable price!- Woe to them for what their hands do write, and for the gain they make thereby” (2:79).
“And remember Allah took a covenant from the People of the Book, to make it known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it; but they threw it away behind their backs, and purchased with it some miserable gain! And vile was the bargain they made!” (3:187)
This goes for Christians as well as Jews:
“But because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard; they change the words from their (right) places and forget a good part of the message that was sent them, nor wilt thou cease to find them- barring a few – ever bent on (new) deceits: but forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): for Allah loveth those who are kind. From those, too, who call themselves Christians, We did take a covenant, but they forgot a good part of the message that was sent them: so we estranged them, with enmity and hatred between the one and the other, to the day of judgment. And soon will Allah show them what it is they have done.” (5:13-14)
On those verses rests the Islamic idea that the Jewish and Christian Scriptures have been corrupted, as well as the assertions that the earlier prophets were Muslim (3:67, etc.).
Posted by: jihadwatchÂ Â atÂ August 31, 2008 9:02 AM