* A quick refresher course:
The Arabic word jihad means “struggle” or “exertion” and is found 28 times in the Kor’an, the sacred text of Muslims. In Islamic teaching, there are five forms of this “holy struggle”– jihad of the heart, mouth, pen, hand, and sword.
Jihad of the heart refers to an individual’s struggle to keep the precepts of Islam and overcome evil tendencies. This is through one’s own efforts or the enforcement of others. In Muslim tradition, this is referred to as the greater jihad.
Jihad of the mouth involves the verbal undermining of opposition to Islam through argumentation, threats, and curses. When Saddam Hussein declared before the first Gulf War that coalition forces would face the “mother of all battles” and experience crushing defeat, he was practicing this form of jihad. Defiant Muslim leaders in Afghanistan and Iraq are doing so today by inciting violence and pronouncing curses on foreign forces in their countries.
Jihad of the pen makes use of the written word to advance Islam and undermine its opponents. Many Muslim scholars, though often sadly ignorant of Biblical doctrines, have made Judaism and Christianity the special target of their apologetic works. Although Mohammed described himself as a sinner, great effort is made to present him as the perfect man and highest prophet of God, and his precepts as binding on all mankind.
Jihad of the hand refers to good works and praiseworthy deeds that promote the cause of Islam. Muslims typically believe that if a person’s good deeds outweigh his bad deeds he’ll have a good chance of entering Paradise on the Day of Judgment, provided he’s a follower of Islam. Deeds that promote Mohammed and his message are deemed to have the greatest weight.
Jihad of the sword is the last and most troubling. Although referred to as the lesser jihad, it has always been foremost in Muslim history, law, and tradition. In the Kor’an, the oft repeated words “jihad in the cause of Allah” refer without exception to armed combat for the protection or advance of Islam. Mohammed regularly engaged in this form of jihad and commanded his followers to engage in it as well. He is described by early Muslim biographers as an active participant in at least seventy battles and military attacks.
Since the time of its founding by Mohammed, the ultimate goal of Islam has been world conquest. The Kor’an and Muslim jurisprudence call for jihad of the sword against any land not yet surrendered to the armies of Islam. Militant Muslims advocate a return to the ways of Mohammed, with all of the terror and bloodshed that entails. This form of jihad poses one of the greatest threats to Western civilization today.
From Jihad Watch:
Jihad (in Arabic, “struggle”) is a central duty of every Muslim. Modern Muslim theologians have spoken of many things as jihads: the struggle within the soul, defending the faith from critics, supporting its growth and defense financially, even migrating to non-Muslim lands for the purpose of spreading Islam. But violent jihad is a constant of Islamic history. Many passages of the Qur’an and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad are used by jihad warriors today to justify their actions and gain new recruits. No major Muslim group has ever repudiated the doctrines of armed jihad. The theology of jihad, which denies unbelievers equality of human rights and dignity, is available today for anyone with the will and means to bring it to life.
What? Who said that?
* It comes from a book, Islam and Christianity, printed by a Muslim publishing house, Waqf Ikhlas Publications, and distributed by the modern, moderate, secular Turkish government to non-Muslims who come to work in Turkey. It’s on page 316 of the 7th edition.
* It’s also on page 318 of the eighth edition. Full text in pdf:
“After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the
Muslims often complain of the “misconceptions” about their religion in the West, yet very few seem to know all that much about the true history of Islam and its founder, Muhammad. As a result, the biggest misconceptions about Islam are often those originating from (and sincerely believed by) Muslims themselves.
In light of Magdi Allam’s high profile, public conversion by Pope Benedict, it is worth remembering that Sicily experienced full-fledged, jihad-imposed dhimmitude for both its Christian and Jewish inhabitants, particularly during the 9th century.
Perhaps The Pope has been made aware of this?
At any rate, here is an extract fromÂ Michele Amari, the great Italian scholar of Islam, extracted from his seminal, Storia dei Musulmani di Sicilia. [“History of the Muslims in Sicily”]Â published in multiple volumes from 1933-1939.
Injurious and troublesome were the statutes of the civil regulations. The dhimmi were forbidden to carry arms, to ride horseback, or to put saddles on their donkeys and mules; to build their homes taller than or even as tall as those of the Muslims; to use Islamic first names and even to use seals with Arabic lettering. Furthermore they were forbidden to drink wine in public, to accompany their dead to the cemetery with funeral pomp and lamentation; the women were forbidden to enter a public bath when Muslim women might be there, or to remain there if Muslim women arrived. And just so that they wouldn’t forget their inferior status for a moment, the dhimmi were enjoined to keep a sign on the doors of their homes, one on their outer garments, to use turbans of a different style and color, and above all to wear a belt made of leather or wool. Along the streets they were forced to yield the right of way to the Muslims or, if they were seated in a group, to stand up at the arrival or departure of a man of the victorious race… …it was forbidden to display crosses in public, to read the gospel so loud that the Muslims could hear it, to speak with them about the Messiah; or vigorously to ring bells or to sound clappers [wooden noisemakers used exclusively in Holy Week ceremonies
The Jews, as every one knows (and there were quite a few living in Sicily then), were subject to the same laws. It is worth noting that everything that I wrote about the dhimmi, and what I will say about the slaves, was drawn from the examples of other countries, but it should be considered as prescribed in Sicily as well, due to the similarity of the circumstances and the uniformity of Muslim customs.Â