Imagine you heard that a “Lionheart” Cathedral was going to be built in Saudi Arabia; or a Bohemond Cathedral in Egypt. After getting over the initial amazement that the Muslim rulers of these countries had granted permission for a Christian place of worship to be built, you would think that naming the cathedrals after famous crusaders was a rather extreme provocation, wouldn’t you?
But that’s what the Turks are doing in Germany. They are building “Fatih” mosques all over the country. Fatih means conqueror. It was the name adopted by Mehmet II after he conquered the city of Constantinople in 1453. The conquest was completed on 29 May 1453. Note the date of the inauguration plate of the Fatih mosque in Duisburg: 29 May 2003. This was exactly 550 years after the Muslim conquest of Constantinople. It is doubtful if many of the Germans understood the reference, but you can be sure the Turks did.
The Germans took the construction of this “Conqueror” mosque as an opportunity to show how enlightened they were. When protests against the mosque construction were held, a vast counter-protest wasÂ organised by trade unions, political parties and churches. The construction wasÂ financed by the European Union, the state of North-Rhine Westphalia and the Turkish-Islamic Union (DITIB).
Another “Conqueror” mosque went up inÂ Bremerhaven. This too was welcomed by multicult-friendly German politicians, despite the mosque association belonging to Milli GÃ¶rÃ¼s, an organisation which the German agency for the protection of the constitution considers islamist and anti-constitutional.
Hopefully someone will one day explain to these naive politicians what the word Fatih means.
Oriana Fallaci, On the sack of Constantinople
Perhaps not. Especially in Europe, a Europe that weeps only for the Muslims, never for the Christians or the Jews or the Buddhists or the Hindus, it would not be Politically Correct to know the details of the fall of Constantinople. Its inhabitants who at daybreak, while Mehmet II is shelling Theodosius’ walls, take refuge in the cathedral of St. Sophia and here start to sing psalms. To invoke divine mercy. The patriarch who by candlelight celebrates his last Mass and in order to lessen the panic thunders: “Fear not, my brothers and sisters! Tomorrow you’ll be in the Kingdom of Heaven and your names will survive till the end of time!”. The children who cry in terror, their mothers who give them heart repeating: “Hush, baby, hush! We die for our faith in Jesus Christ! We die for our Emperor Constantine XI, for our homeland!”. The Ottoman troops who beating their drums step over the breaches in the fallen walls, overwhelm the Genovese and Venetian and Spanish defenders, hack them on to death with scimitars, then burst into the cathedral and behead even newborn babies. They amuse themselves by snuffing out the candles with their little severed heads… It lasted from the dawn to the afternoon that massacre. It abated only when the Grand Vizier mounted the pulpit of St. Sophia and said to the slaughterers: “Rest. Now this temple belongs to Allah” Meanwhile the city burns, the soldiery crucify and hang and impale, the Janissaries rape and butcher the nuns (four thousand in a few hours) or put the survivors in chains to sell them at the market of Ankara. And the servants prepare the Victory Feast.
The Rage and The Pride, Oriana Fallaci
- A Muselmanic view: how the Muslims killed count Dracula
- The Fourth Crusade – Sack of Constantinople
- The Sacking of Constantinople 1204
Tigers of Islam: Sultan Fateh – Part 1/4 Â (Fatih Sultan Mehmed II)
“….a kingdom which would terrorize the enemies of Islam and defend the honor of the Muslim world for the next 600 years…”
The Fall of Constantinople:
The excesses which followed, druing the early hours of the Ottoman victory, are described in detail by eyewitnesses. They were, and unfortunately still are, a common practice, almost a ritual, among all armies capturing enemy strongholds and territory after a prolonged and violent struggle. Thus, bands of soldiers began now looting. Doors were broken, private homes were looted, their tenants were massacred. Shops in the city markets were looted. Monasteries and Convents were broken in. Their tenants were killed, nuns were raped, many, to avoid dishonor, killed themselves. Killing, raping, looting, burning, enslaving, went on and on according to tradition. The troops had to satisfy themselves. The great doors of Saint Sophia were forced open, and crowds of angry soldiers came in and fell upon the unfortunate worshippers. Pillaging and killing in the holy place went on for hours. Similar was the fate of worshippers in most churches in the city. Everything that could be taken from the splendid buildings was taken by the new masters of the Imperial capital. Icons were destroyed, precious manuscripts were lost forever. Thousands of civilians were enslaved, soldiers fought over young boys and young women. Death and enslavement did not distinguish among social classes. Nobles and peasants were treated with equal ruthlessness.
In some distant neighborhoods, especially near the sea walls in the sea of Marmora, such as Psamathia, but also in the Golden Horn at Phanar and Petrion, where local fishermen opened the Gates, while the enemy soldiers were pouring into the city from the land Gates, local magistrates negotiated successfully their surrender to Hamza Bey’s officers. Their act saved the lives of their fellow citizens. Furthermore their churches were not= desecrated. Meanwhile, the crews of the Ottoman fleet abandoned their ships to rush into the city. They were worried that the land army was going to take everything. The collapse of discipline gave the Christian ships time to sail out of the Golden Horn. Venetian, Genoese and Greek ships, loaded with refugees, some of them having reached the ships swimming from the city, sailed away to freedom. On one of the Genoese vessels was Giustiniani. He was taken from the boat at Chios where he died, from his wound, a few days later.
The Sultan, with his top commanders and his guard of Janissaries, entered the city in the afternoon of the first day of occupation. Constantinople was finally his and he intended to make it the capital of his mighty Empire. He toured the ruined city. He visited Saint Sophia which he ordered to be turned into a mosque. He also ordered an end to the killing. What he saw was desolation, destruction, death in the streets, ruins, desecrated churches. It was too much. It is said that, as he rode through the streets of the former capital of the Christian Roman Empire, the city of Constantine, moved to tears he murmured: “What a city we have given over to plunder and destruction”.
THE NIGHT OF TERROR IN CONSTANTINOPLE
Under the terms of the agreement regarding the exchange of populations in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne, the Greek population of Constantinople-a thriving community-and the muslim community residing in Western Thrace were exempted from the exchange process.
In the beginning of the 20th century there were 300,000 Greeks residing in Constantinople.
They had managed to survive there despite centuries of oppression and persecution under the Ottoman yoke. But the Turks were determined to expel all Greeks from their ancient home using all available means. Thus, the Turks systematically used the following measures in order to accomplish their objective :
a) In May 1941, large numbers of young men ranging in age from 18-38. were conscripted into the Turkish army from the Greek and Armenian communities The Turkish intention was to exterminate these young men through the well-known method of <<forced-labour battalions>>. If this extermination plan was not successful it was due to protests from the Western allies and the defeat of the Germans in Stalingrad in December 1942. Seeing the tides of war shifting, the Turkish authorities permitted the discharge of these soldiers.
b) On 11 Noverriber 1942, the Turkish government passed a law regarding taxation of property of non-muslims, known as the VA RLIK VE RGISI. Through this law non-muslim citiizens had to submit, without the right to appeal, to the discretion and arbitrary judgment of the tax clerks. The tax clerks, in turn, were instructed to appraise property at amounts many times over the actual value of each property. Then, if the individual concerned was unable to make payments of the enormous tax share (quota), the property was seized and the unfortunate owners were exiled to ACKALE, in Anatolia.
As a result (of the use) of these harsh and inhuman measures, by 1955 only 25,000 people were left, rather than the 450,000 that should have been their number given a normal rate of growth in 35 years.
On the night of the 6th September 1955, and using the Cyprus situation as a pretext, the Turks dealt the coupdegrace to the remaining inhabitants. The whole story of this pogrom is as follows :
On Saturday the 3rd of September, 1955, the wife of the Turkish Consul in Thessaloniki asked for, and received, from a photographer in Thessaloniki supposedly for a keep-sake a series of photographs and films of the Turkish Consulate and the neighboring home where Kemal Ataturk was born. The very next day she and her family left for Turkey.
At ten past midnight on the 6th of September,1955, in the garden of the Consulate, between the two buildings, dynamite exploded resulting in broken windows in both buildings. The Greek authorities rushed immediately to the scene. They established that two more explosive devices had been positioned in the Consulate yard and that within the building there was only one Turkish guard. In the investigation that followed it was determined that the explosives were placed there by the guard and his accomplice, a Turkish student at the Law School of the University of Thessaloniki, Oktai Egin Faik, who had brought the dynamite from Turkey a few days earlier.
On the 6th of September, Turkish newspapers using forged versions of the photos of the Turkish consul’s wife and even before the explosion took place in Greece, depicted Kemal’s birthplace as totally destroyed. By the evening, newspapers all over Turkey knew of the alleged destruction of Kemal’s home setting off waves of anger among the Turkish populace.
The Turkish authorities then transported large groups of people in trains and military vehicles from Anatolia to Constantinople.
The attack by the angry mobs began at 5 : 50 P.M on the 6th of September 1955 and ended at 02 : 00 A.M on the 7th of September 1955. The police calmly assisted and even guided the mobs, in their relentless path of destruction.
At 00 : 20 A.M on the 7th of September 1955 martial law was finally declared, at 02 : 00 A.M curfew began and at 02 : 30 A.M the authorities had restored a semblance of order.
Screaming slogansÂ <<Today your property, tomorrow your lives>> the mobs had perpetrated terrible crimes. Those who guided them knew that by terrorizing the last Greek residents of Constantinople they would compel them to desert their homeland, once and for all. Simultaneously by destroying monuments which were proof of the glorious Greek past of Constantinople, they would eradicate even future reminders of the Greek presence.
The results of the vandalisms were :
Sixteen Greeks died (the 90-years old Fr. Mantas was burned alive), and thirty two were severely wounded.
1. the Theological School of Halki, the Marasleios School, The Monestary of Valoukli, the Zappeio School for Girls and many other sites, suffered great damage.
2. of the 83 Greek Orthodox churches in the <<Polis>> 59 were burned and most others suffered serious damage to the icons and ancient paintings of great value.
3. the tombs of Patriarchs were destroyed, Christian cemeteries and ossuaries were defiled ;
4. 3,000 homes were looted and destroyed ;
5. 4348 Greek stores were looted and destroyed ;
6. 200 Greek women were raped ;
7. hundreds of Greeks were ill-treated or tortured, such as the old Bishop of Derkon Iakovos; the metropolitan of Ilioupolis Yennadios, whose beard was cut off and who was then dragged through the streets so that he would die shortly thereafter from ill-treatment; and Bishop Pamphilou Yennadios that was thrown into the burned ruins of Valoukli;
8 .15 Greeks were murdered and among them a 90 year old monk at the Valoukli Monastery, Chrys. Mantas, who was burned alive. Many others in the monastery were seriously wounded.
After the pogrom a great portion of the Greek population left Constantinople to save their lives.
On the 20th of September,1975, in a special 35 page Survey section of the influential English magazine, The Economist, it was written : <<Turkish charges that the Moslem population in Western Thrace is harried by the Greek authorities are gross exaggerations. In 1923 there were 300,000 Greeks living in Constantinople and 110,000 Turks living in Thrace. Today, there are 15,000 Greeks living in Istanbul and 120,000 Turks in Thrace. The Greeks ask, with some justification, which country has been putting the pressure on which minority>>. (Survey-15).
It is important for us to realize that 1982, only 4,000 Greeks still remain in Constantinople.
In the pages to follow you will find irrefutable photographic evidence of a typical sample of Turkish cruelty, which managed to destroy the Hellenic population of Constantinople.
For fourteen centuries, Hellenism has been defending civilization from the onslaught of Islam.
Although the Turks have never conquered the West as they did Greece, Armenia, Assyria, Serbia, and Bulgaria, it is truly appalling to see powerful and free American and other western officials bestowing upon the heirs of the Sultans tributes that the conquered and enslaved nations of the Ottoman Empire would never have given their souls.
Whereas Sultan Mehmet and his heirs demanded financial, and even human tribute for themselves, duplicitous westerners have delivered to the Turks the surviving Greek, Armenian, and Assyrian Christian populations and their territories. Whole nations have been sacrificed to the Turks. Furthermore, attempts have been made in the West to rewrite history and to trample upon the dead so that the Statesmen, Diplomats, and Journalists in America and Europe can further surrender their own integrity and decency to the Turk, the eternal “Sick Man of Europe.”
Constantinos XI Palaiologos and the defenders of Constantinople are heroes. On that “Black Tuesday” on
29 May 1453 they were defending Hellenic nationalism and sovereignty, and Orthodoxy as well. All of these are under attack in our own day.
Five hundred and fifty years later, the Turks have not yet completed their work. Having decimated the Greek populations of Constantinople, Thrace, and Asia Minor, they are now attempting to eradicate the last vestiges of Greek culture. Islamists have openly advocated that the walls of Constantinople be torn down. The Ecumenical Patriarchate has been bombed by the ideological heirs of the Young Turks.
The Ecumenical Patriarchate is the only Byzantine office to have survived the fall of the City. Its expulsion is desired by Islamists and Turkish nationalists alike. Having closed the theological school of Halki, Turkish extremists appear ready to fulfill their program. Into the hands of the Turks have fallen the lands which belong to Hellenism. The anniversary of the fall of Constantinople is a reminder not only of the national past, but of the Hellenic lands and populations that were not redeemed, and that national treasures such as the Great Church of Aghia Sophia remain outside the national borders.
Istanbul is merely a name from Greek words that the Turks adopted from the Greeks and gradually applied to Constantinople. Istanbul comes from ‘eis tin poli,’(the City/Polis being Constantinoupolis) meaning ‘to or in the city.’ Constantinople was simply known as ‘the city,’ as if it were the most prominent city in the world.
Inspired by PI:Â Fatih-Moschee Duisburg und wozu Geschichte?